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Demografía, juventud y homicidios en Colombia, 1979-2006

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

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Abstract

En este documento se busca esclarecer si el hecho de que entre 1979 y 2006, Colombia tuvo una mayor proporción de jóvenes en la población total, contribuyó a que hubiera mayores tasas de homicidio. Tal hipótesis se ha estudiado en otros países del mundo, pero ha recibido poca atención en nuestro país. Lo que se observó en este periodo fue una relación positiva y significativa entre el porcentaje de jóvenes en la población total y la tasa de homicidio. Para verificar hasta qué punto son los cambios demográficos los responsables del aumento en los homicidios, se empleó información de población y homicidios, desagregada por grupos de edad. Dos mecanismos a través de los cuales un cambio demográfico de esta naturaleza puede influir sobre los homicidios son considerados: el efecto de composición y el efecto específico de edad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 005941.

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Date of creation: 30 Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:005941

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Keywords: Homicidio; demografía; juventud; falacia ecológica; Colombia; violencia;

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  1. María Teresa Ramírez & Juana Patricia Téllez, 2006. "La Educación Primaria Y Secundaria En Colombia En El Siglo Xx," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002992, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Joshua D. Angrist & Adriana Kugler, 2005. "Rural Windfall or a New Resource Curse? Coca, Income, and Civil Conflict in Colombia," NBER Working Papers 11219, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2009. "Revisión de la literatura económica reciente sobre las causas de la violencia homicida en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005733, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Jairo Núñez & Fabio Sánchez & François Bourguignon, 2003. "What Part Of The Income Distribution Matters For Explaining Property Crime? The Case Of Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003775, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Gaviria, Alejandro, 2000. "Increasing returns and the evolution of violent crime: the case of Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 1-25, February.
  6. John M. Nunley & Richard Alan Seals & Joachim Zietz, 2010. "Demographic Change, Macroeconomic Conditions, and the Murder Rate: The Case of the United States, 1934 to 2006," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2010-04, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
  7. repec:pra:mprapa:16315 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Rodrigo R. Soares & Joana Naritomi, 2010. "Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin America: The Role of Social and Policy Factors," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, pages 19-55 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Juan D. Barón, 2009. "El homicidio en los tiempos del Plan Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005734, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  10. João Manoel Pinho de Mello & Alexandre Schneider, 2007. "Age Structure Explaining a Large Shift in Homicides: The Case of the State of São Paulo," Textos para discussão 549, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
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