What Part Of The Income Distribution Matters For Explaining Property Crime? The Case Of Colombia
AbstractInequality has always been taken as a major explanatory factor of the rate of crime. Yet, the evidence in favor of that hypothesis is weak. Pure cross-sectional analyses show significant positive effects but do not control for fixed effects. Time series and panel data point to a variety of results, but few turn out being significant. The hypothesis maintained in this paper is that it is a specific part of the distribution, rather than the overall distribution as summarized by conventional inequality measures, that is most likely to influence the rate of (property) crime in a given society. Using a simple theoretical model and panel data in 7 Colombian cities over a 20 year period, we design a method that permits identifying the precise segment of the population whose relative income best explains time changes in crime.
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Date of creation: 31 Mar 2003
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- Choe, Jongmook, 2008. "Income inequality and crime in the United States," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 31-33, October.
- Felipe Barrera Osorio, 2004. "Dynamics and causes of crime in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÃN 002387, FEDESARROLLO.
- Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2009. "Demografía, juventud y homicidios en Colombia, 1979-2006," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÃA REGIONAL 005941, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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