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Fertility and schooling: how this relation changed between 1995 and 2005 in Colombia


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  • Luis Fernando Gamboa


  • Nohora Forero Ramírez



We test the existence of changes in the relationship between fertility and schoolingin Colombia for women from 30 to 40 years old between 1995 and 2005. For ourpurpose, we use Poisson Regression Models. Our database is the Demographic andHealth Survey from 1995 and 2005. We found a reduction in the fertility during thisperiod and an increase in the educative level of the population. According to ourresults the total number of children a woman has, keeps an inverse relationship withher educative level, which may be explained by the effects of education on theknowledge of the fertility. We also find that the effect of an additional year ofeducation in 1995 is higher than 2005. Besides, we also find that there are significantrural-urban differences in the determinants on fertility for Colombia´s women in thelast decade.***En este trabajo se pretende evaluar la existencia de cambios en la relación entrefecundidad y escolaridad en Colombia para mujeres de 30 a 40 años de edad entre1995 y 2005. Para tal efecto se utilizan modelos de Poisson sobre la EncuestaNacional de Demografía y Salud 1995 y 2005. Se encuentra una reducción en lafecundidad durante el periodo y su relación inversa con la escolaridad, que puede serexplicada por el efecto de la educación sobre otras variables como el incremento enel conocimiento sobre los programas de control natal. Se encuentra además que elefecto de un año adicional de educación sobre la fecundidad es mayor en 1995 queen 2005. De otro lado, se encuentra que las diferencias entre zonas urbanas y ruralesson significativas en la explicación de la fecundidad en Colombia durante la últimadécada.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 004711.

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Length: 22
Date of creation: 04 Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004711

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Keywords: Fertility; Schooling; Colombia; Poisson Regression Model; Protogenetic Interval;

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  1. Sander, William, 1992. "The effect of women's schooling on fertility," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 229-233, October.
  2. Osili, Una Okonkwo & Long, Bridget Terry, 2008. "Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 57-75, August.
  3. Michael, Robert T, 1973. "Education and the Derived Demand for Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages S128-64, Part II, .
  4. Ainsworth, Martha & Beegle, Kathleen & Nyamete, Andrew, 1996. "The Impact of Women's Schooling on Fertility and Contraceptive Use: A Study of Fourteen Sub-Saharan African Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 85-122, January.
  5. Sulayman Al-Qudsi, 1998. "The demand for children in Arab countries: Evidence from panel and count data models," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 435-452.
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Cited by:
  1. Baez, Javier E. & Camacho, Adriana, 2011. "Assessing the long-term effects of conditional cash transfers on human capital : evidence from Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5681, The World Bank.


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