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Costos laborales y no laborales y su impacto sobre el desempleo, la duración del desempleo y la informalidad en Colombia, 1980-2007

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Author Info

  • Fabio Sánchez

    ()

  • Valentina Duque

    ()

  • Mauricio Ruíz

    ()

Abstract

Este documento describe y analiza la evolución del desempleo desde 1980 estimando el efecto de los costos laborales no salariales (parafiscales) y salario mínimo sobre la tasa y duración del desempleo así como el efecto de los costos mencionados sobre la informalidad. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que aumentos en las regulaciones laborales aumentan la informalidad, el desempleo y su duración. Al medir el impacto de los cambios en los costos no laborales desde comienzos de los noventa, se encuentra que aquellos generaron un desempleo adicional de por lo menos en 3.5 puntos porcentuales y 5.3 puntos de informalidad, además de aumentar en 6 semanas la duración del desempleo. De esta manera, este documento confirma lo que ha sido señalado en otras investigaciones en relación al impacto negativo sobre indicadores del mercado laboral del aumento en los costos laborales y no laborales.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 005540.

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Length: 68
Date of creation: 02 Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005540

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Related research

Keywords: desempleo; informalidad; duración del desempleo; costos laborales; salario mínimo; impuestos parafiscales;

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  1. Pierre, Gaëlle & Scarpetta, Stefano, 2004. "Employment Regulations through the Eyes of Employers: Do They Matter and How Do Firms Respond to Them?," IZA Discussion Papers 1424, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Andrés Felipe García & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2006. "La metodología de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares y el empalme de las series del mercado laboral urbano de Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003039, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Blanchard, Olivier & Jimeno, Juan F, 1995. "Structural Unemployment: Spain versus Portugal," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 212-18, May.
  4. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2006. "La Tasa De Desempleo De Largo Plazo En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003085, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Gilles Saint-Paul, 2002. "The Political Economy of Employment Protection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(3), pages 672-701, June.
  6. Adriana Kugler & Maurice Kugler, 2008. "Labor Market Effects of Payroll Taxes in Developing Countries: Evidence from Colombia," NBER Working Papers 13855, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Sara Lemos, 2007. "A Survey of the Effects of the Minimum Wage in Latin America," Discussion Papers in Economics 07/04, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  8. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada & Andrés Felipe García, . "Inflación y desempleo en Colombia: NAIRU y tasa de desempleo compatible con alcanzar la meta de inflación (1984-2005)," Borradores de Economia 453, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  9. Bell, Linda A, 1997. "The Impact of Minimum Wages in Mexico and Colombia," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S102-35, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Miguel Urrutia & Mauricio Ruíz, 2010. "Ciento setenta años de salarios reales en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007090, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Oriana Alvarez Vos, 2011. "La informalidad laboral y los costos laborales en Colombia 1984-2009. Diagnóstico y propuestas de política," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009238, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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