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Air quality and infant mortality in Mexico: Evidence from variation in pollution levels caused by the usage of Small-Scale plants

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  • Emilio Gutiérrez

    ()
    (Centro de Investigación Económica (CIE)Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM))

Abstract

This paper exploits the discrete change in air pollutants induced by the installation of small-scale power plants throughout Mexico to measure the causal relationship between air pollution and infant mortality, and if this relationship varies by municipaly´s socio-economic conditions. The estimated elasticy for changes in infant mortality due to respiratory diseases with respect to changesin air pollution concentration ranges from 0.58 and 0.84 (more than times higher than the OLS estimate). The effect is significantly lower in municipalities with a high presence of primary health facilities but does not vary significantly by average income and education levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM in its series Working Papers with number 1301.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cie:wpaper:1301

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  1. Chor, Davin & Manova, Kalina, 2012. "Off the cliff and back? Credit conditions and international trade during the global financial crisis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 117-133.
  2. Gordon H. Hanson, 2010. "Why Isn't Mexico Rich?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 48(4), pages 987-1004, December.
  3. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum & Brent Neiman & John Romalis, 2011. "Trade and the Global Recession," NBER Working Papers 16666, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. James E. Rauch, 1996. "Networks versus Markets in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 5617, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Tor Jakob Klette & Samuel Kortum, 2002. "Innovating Firms and Aggregate Innovation," NBER Working Papers 8819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Greenaway, David & Guariglia, Alessandra & Kneller, Richard, 2007. "Financial factors and exporting decisions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 377-395, November.
  7. George Alessandria & Joseph P. Kaboski & Virgiliu Midrigan, 2010. "The Great Trade Collapse of 2008-09: An Inventory Adjustment?," NBER Working Papers 16059, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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