Down and Out in Italian Towns: Measuring the Impact of Economic Downturns on Crime
AbstractThe paper investigates the effect of local economic conditions on crime. The study focuses on Italy's local labor markets and analyzes the short-term response of crime to the severe slump of 2007-2009. It shows that the downturn led to a significant increase in economic-related offenses that do not require particular criminal skills or tools (namely, thefts); on the other hand, for offenses for which specific skills and criminal experience are essential (say, robberies) the impact of the crisis was negative. The results also suggest that: i) labor market institutions (i.e. wage supplementary schemes and pro-worker contractual arrangements) had a role in slowing down the effect of the economy on crime; ii) the link between the downturn and crime was weaker in areas where the presence of organized crime is relatively more intensive.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE in its series SERC Discussion Papers with number secdp0137.
Date of creation: Jun 2013
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crime; economic crises; Italy;
Other versions of this item:
- Guido de Blasio & Carlo Menon, 2013. "Down and out in Italian towns: measuring the impact of economic downturns on crime," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 925, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
- K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2013-06-30 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LAW-2013-06-30 (Law & Economics)
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