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The Impact of Vocational Qualifications on the Labour Market Outcomes of Low-Achieving School-Leavers

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  • Steven McIntosh

Abstract

This paper creates a pseudo cohort of individuals who left school in the mid-1990s, usingLabour Force Survey. The extent of low achievement at school amongst this group isdocumented, and then the impact of such low achievement on labour force status is estimated.The main focus of the paper is then to investigate to what extent unqualified school leaverscan improve their labour market status through the acquisition of vocational qualifications,and how many follow this option. The results show that vocational qualifications at all levelscan improve the employment chances of unqualified school leavers, even once we use paneldata to control for unobserved individual heterogeneity and to ensure that the qualification isacquired before employment is attained. There are also small effects on occupationalmobility, but little impact on wages. However, few unqualified school leavers seem to befollowing this vocational route to qualification achievement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp0621.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0621

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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Keywords: education; vocational qualifications; employment; longitudinal data;

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  1. Dearden, Lorraine, et al, 2002. "The Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications in Britain," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 249-74, July.
  2. Steven McIntosh, 2004. "Further Analysis of the Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications," CEE Discussion Papers 0035, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
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