Marketization of Production and the US-Europe Employment Gap
AbstractWomen work much more in the US than in Germany and most other EU economies. We find that theUS¿German employment gap is not strongly related to cross-country differences in the level of pay orsocial benefits. The difference in employment is due to the different marketization of activities betweenthe two economies: German women work as many hours as US women when we consider time spentin household production as well as in market production.For instance, German women spend more time preparing meals while US women use take-outand restaurants more intensely. The organization of some social activities, such as schooling, and thedispersion of skills, as well as pay differences, affect the degree of marketization.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp0559.
Date of creation: Oct 2002
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Other versions of this item:
- Freeman, Richard B & Schettkat, Ronald, 2001. " Marketization of Production and the US-Europe Employment Gap," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(0), pages 647-70, Special I.
- Richard B. Freeman & Ronald Schettkat, 2002. "Marketization of Production and the US-Europe Employment Gap," NBER Working Papers 8797, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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