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Economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of promoting biomass heating systems: an input-output study for Vorarlberg, Austria

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Author Info

  • Reinhard Madlener

    ()
    (Center for Energy Policy and Economics CEPE, Department of Management, Technology and Economics, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)

  • Martin Koller

    ()
    (Center for Energy Policy and Economics CEPE, Department of Management, Technology and Economics, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)

Abstract

This paper reports on an empirical investigation about the economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of bioenergy promotion in the Austrian federal province of Vorarlberg. We study domestic value added, employment and fiscal effects by means of a static input-output analysis. The bioenergy systems analysed comprise biomass district heating, pellet heating, automated wood chips heating systems, logwood stoves and boilers, ceramic stoves, and buffer storage facilities. The results indicate that gross economic effects are significant, both regarding investment and operation of the systems, and that the negative economic effects caused by the displacement of decentralised systems might be in the order of 20--40%. Finally, CO2 mitigation effects are substantial, contributing already in 2004 around 35% of the 2010 CO2 mitigation target of the Land Vorarlberg for all renewables set for 2010.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich in its series CEPE Working paper series with number 06-50.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cee:wpcepe:06-50

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Postal: ETH-CEPE, Zürichbergstrasse 18, 8032 Zürich
Phone: +41-1-632 06 50
Fax: +41-1-632 16 22
Email:
Web page: http://www.cepe.ethz.ch
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Related research

Keywords: Input-output analysis; Value added; Employment; Bioenergy;

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References

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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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  1. Massimo Filippini & Jörg Wild, 2000. "Regional Differences in Electricity Distribution Costs and their Consequences for Yardstick Regulation of Access Prices," CEPE Working paper series 00-05, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
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  3. Madlener, Reinhard & Koller, Martin, 2007. "Economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of promoting biomass heating systems: An input-output study for Vorarlberg, Austria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 6021-6035, December.
  4. Gürkan Kumbaroglu & Reinhard Madlener, 2001. "A Description of the Hybrid Bottom-Up CGE Model SCREEN with an Application to Swiss Climate Policy Analysis," CEPE Working paper series 01-10, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
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  6. Reinhard Madlener & Weiyu Gao & Ilja Neustadt & Peter Zweifel, 2008. "Promoting renewable electricity generation in imperfect markets: price vs. quantity policies," SOI - Working Papers 0809, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
  7. Reinhard Madlener, 2003. "Modelling the Adoption and Diffusion of Decentralised Energy Conversion Technologies with Hazard Rate Models," CEPE Working paper series 03-28, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
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  11. Mehdi Farsi & Massimo Filippini & Michael Kuenzle, 2006. "Cost Efficiency in Regional Bus Companies: An Application of Alternative Stochastic Frontier Models," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 40(1), pages 95-118, January.
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  14. Martin Jakob & Reinhard Madlener, 2003. "Exploring Experience Curves for the Building Envelope: An Investigation for Switzerland for 1970–2020," CEPE Working paper series 03-22, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  15. Mehdi Farsi & Massimo Filippini, 2004. "Regulation and Measuring Cost-Efficiency with Panel Data Models: Application to Electricity Distribution Utilities," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 1-19, 08.
  16. Massimo Filippini & Cornelia Luchsinger, 2005. "Economies of Scale in the Swiss Hydropower Sector," CEPE Working paper series 05-44, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  17. Reinhard Madlener & Gürkan Kumbaroglu & Volkan S. Ediger, 2004. "Modeling Technology Adoption as an Irreversible Investment Under Uncertainty: The Case of the Turkish Electricity Supply Industry," CEPE Working paper series 04-30, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  18. Filippini, Massimo & Hrovatin, Nevenka & Zoric, Jelena, 2004. "Efficiency and regulation of the Slovenian electricity distribution companies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 335-344, February.
  19. Charles Leven, 2006. "Distortions in estimating net benefits of regional development projects," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 191-201, March.
  20. Shonali Pachauri, . "A First Step to Constructing Energy Consumption Indicators for India. Interim Report of The Indicator Project," CEPE Working paper series 99-02, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  21. Gürkan Kumbaroglu & Reinhard Madlener & Mustafa Demirel, 2004. "A Real Options Evaluation Model for the Diffusion Prospects of New Renewable Power Generation Technologies," CEPE Working paper series 04-35, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  22. Marco Semadeni, 2002. "Long-Term Energy Scenarios: Information on Aspects of Sustainable Energy Supply as a Prelude to Participatory Sessions," CEPE Working paper series 02-17, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  23. Reinhard Madlener & Carlos Henggeler Antunes & Luis C. Dias, 2006. "Multi-Criteria versus Data Envelopment Analysis for Assessing the Performance of Biogas Plants," CEPE Working paper series 06-49, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  24. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Cornelia Luchsinger, 2004. "Resource Rent Taxation – A New Perspective for the (Swiss) Hydropower Sector," CEPE Working paper series 04-34, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  25. Massimo Filippini & Jörg Wild & Michael Kuenzle, 2001. "Scale and cost efficiency in the Swiss electricity distribution industry: evidence from a frontier cost approach," CEPE Working paper series 01-08, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  26. David Goldblatt, 1999. "Northern Consumption: A Critical Review of Issues, Driving Forces, Disciplinary Approaches and Critiques," CEPE Working paper series 99-03, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  27. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Lester C. Hunt, 2003. "Fuel tourism in border regions," CEPE Working paper series 03-23, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  28. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Adrian Müller, 2003. "Rent of Hydropower Generation in Switzerland in a Liberalized Market," CEPE Working paper series 01-20, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  29. Madlener, Reinhard, 2007. "Innovation diffusion, public policy, and local initiative: The case of wood-fuelled district heating systems in Austria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1992-2008, March.
  30. Cornelia Luchsinger & Adrian Müller, 2003. "Incentive Compatible Extraction of Natural Resource Rent," CEPE Working paper series 03-21, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  31. Massimo Filippini & Silvia Banfi & Cornelia Luchsinger, 2002. "Deregulation of the Swiss Electricity Industry: Implication for the Hydropower Sector," CEPE Working paper series 02-13, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  32. Massimo Filippini & Silvia Banfi, 2002. "Impact of the new Swiss electricity law on the competitiveness of hydropower," CEPE Working paper series 02-12, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  33. Kentaka Aruga, 2003. "Differences in Characteristics ofReligious Groups in India: As Seen From Household Survey Data," CEPE Working paper series 03-26, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. J. Cansino & M. Cardenete & J. Gonzalez & M. P. Pablo-Romero, 2013. "Economic impacts of solar thermal electricity technology deployment on Andalusian productive activities: a CGE approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 25-47, February.
  2. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Andrea Horehájová, 2007. "Using a Choice Experiment to Estimate the Benefits of a Reduction of Externalities in Urban Areas with Special Focus on Electrosmog," CEPE Working paper series 07-58, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  3. Madlener, Reinhard & Koller, Martin, 2007. "Economic and CO2 mitigation impacts of promoting biomass heating systems: An input-output study for Vorarlberg, Austria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 6021-6035, December.
  4. Calds, N. & Varela, M. & Santamara, M. & Sez, R., 2009. "Economic impact of solar thermal electricity deployment in Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1628-1636, May.
  5. Silvia Banfi & Massimo Filippini & Andrea Horehájová, 2007. "Hedonic Price Functions for Zurich and Lugano with Special Focus on Electrosmog," CEPE Working paper series 07-57, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  6. Reinhard Madlener & Stefan Vögtli, 2006. "Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel," CEPE Working paper series 06-53, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  7. Trink, Thomas & Schmid, Christoph & Schinko, Thomas & Steininger, Karl W. & Loibnegger, Thomas & Kettner, Claudia & Pack, Alexandra & Töglhofer, Christoph, 2010. "Regional economic impacts of biomass based energy service use: A comparison across crops and technologies for East Styria, Austria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5912-5926, October.

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