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An Empirical Analysis of the Demand for Physician Services Across the European Union

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Abstract

This paper presents parameter estimates for physician services equations using the European Community Household Panel for 12 countries covering the period 1994-1996. The focus is on two specific points: i) the identification of behavioural similarities and differences in the demand for health across the countries; ii) the variability of the demand for health captured through a joint model for all the countries. We find that there are significant differences across countries, although there are also similarities in the effect of variables such as the health stock, labour situation or family structure. An important fraction of the variability of the demand of health services across countries could be explained from differences in age, income, and the role of General Practitioners (GP) as a gatekeepers in the public health system. We also find some evidence of induced demand effects in both the decision to visit and the number of visits to specialists.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro de Estudios Andaluces in its series Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces with number E2003/45.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2003_45

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Keywords: count data; demand; physician services; latent class model; two-part model;

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References

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  1. Frank Windmeijer & Joao Santos Silva, 1996. "Endogeneity in count data models; an application to demand for health care," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W96/15, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Cameron, A Colin & Trivedi, Pravin K, 1986. "Econometric Models Based on Count Data: Comparisons and Applications of Some Estimators and Tests," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(1), pages 29-53, January.
  3. Cameron, A C & P. K. Trivedi & Frank Milne & J. Piggott, 1988. "A Microeconometric Model of the Demand for Health Care and Health Insurance in Australia," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 85-106, January.
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  8. Sergi Jiménez-Mart�n & José M. Labeaga & Maite Mart�nez-Granado, 2002. "Latent class versus two-part models in the demand for physician services across the European Union," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(4), pages 301-321.
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  15. Winfried Pohlmeier & Volker Ulrich, 1995. "An Econometric Model of the Two-Part Decisionmaking Process in the Demand for Health Care," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(2), pages 339-361.
  16. Kathryn H. Anderson & Richard V. Burkhauser, 1985. "The Retirement-Health Nexus: A New Measure of an Old Puzzle," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(3), pages 315-330.
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Cited by:
  1. García-Mainar, Inmaculada & Montuenga-Gómez, Víctor M., 2009. "Education returns of wage earners and self-employed workers: Response," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 645-647, October.
  2. Kristian Bolin & Anna Lindgren & Bjorn Lindgren & Petter Lundborg, 2008. "Utilisation of Physician Services in the 50+ Population. The Relative Importance of Individual versus Institutional Factors in 10 European Countries," NBER Working Papers 14096, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Aïda Solé-Auró & Montserrat Guillén & Eileen Crimmins, 2012. "Health care usage among immigrants and native-born elderly populations in eleven European countries: results from SHARE," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 13(6), pages 741-754, December.
  4. Bíró, Anikó, 2013. "Copayments, gatekeeping, and the utilization of outpatient public and private care at age 50 and above in Europe," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 111(1), pages 24-33.
  5. Nolan, Anne & Nolan, Brian, 2007. "Income, Medical Card Eligibility and Access to GP Services in Ireland," Book Chapters, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), in: Nolan, Brian (ed.), The Provision and Use of Health Services, Health Inequalities and Health and Social Gain Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  6. Roberto Montero Granados & José Jesús Martín Martín & Juan de Dios Jiménez Aguilera, 2008. "Horizontal Inequity in Access to Healthcare Services and Educational Level in Spain," FEG Working Paper Series, Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada) 08/03, Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada).
  7. Muñoz de Bustillo, Rafael & Antón, José-Ignacio, 2009. "Health care utilization and immigration in Spain," MPRA Paper 12382, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Majo, M.C., 2010. "A microeconometric analysis of health care utilization in Europe," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-4628426, Tilburg University.
  9. Eugene Choo & Michael Denny, 2006. "Prior Conditions, Age and the Impact of Insurance," Working Papers, University of Toronto, Department of Economics tecipa-259, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  10. Majo, Maria Cristina & van Soest, Arthur, 2012. "Income and health care utilization among the 50+ in Europe and the US," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 28(4), pages 3-22.

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