Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

A Bathtub Model of Traffic Congestion

Contents:

Author Info

  • Arnott, Richard

Abstract

In the standard economic models of traffic congestion, traffic flow does not fall under heavily congested conditions. But this is counter to experience, especially in thedowntown areas of most major cities during rush hour. This paper presents a bathtub model of traffic congestion. The height of water in the bathtub corresponds totraffic density, velocity is negatively related to density, and outflow is the product of density and velocity. Above a critical density, outflow falls as density increases. The model indicates that, when demand is high relative to capacity, applying an optimal time-varying congestion tolls generates benefits that are considerably larger than those obtained from the standard models and exceed the toll revenue collected.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/9zx130zz.pdf;origin=repeccitec
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California Transportation Center in its series University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers with number qt9zx130zz.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt9zx130zz

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 109 McLaughlin Hall, Mail Code 1720, Berkeley, CA 94720-1720
Phone: 510-642-3585
Fax: 510-643-3955
Email:
Web page: http://www.escholarship.org/repec/uctc/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences; traffic congestion; tolls; flow; density; velocity; hypercongestion; trip-timing equilibrium;

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Small, Kenneth A, 1982. "The Scheduling of Consumer Activities: Work Trips," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 467-79, June.
  2. Richard Arnott & Eren Inci, 2005. "An Integrated Model of Downtown Parking and Traffic Congestion," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 11118, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Richard J. Arnott & Eren Inci, 2009. "The Stability of Downtown Parking and Traffic Congestion," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 2525, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Richard Arnott & Tilmann Rave & Ronnie Schöb, 2005. "Alleviating Urban Traffic Congestion," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012197, December.
  5. Small, Kenneth A., 1992. "Using the Revenues from Congestion Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers, University of California Transportation Center qt32p9m3mm, University of California Transportation Center.
  6. Parry, Ian & Small, Kenneth, 2002. "Does Britain or the United States Have the Right Gasoline Tax?," Discussion Papers, Resources For the Future dp-02-12-, Resources For the Future.
  7. Vickrey, William S, 1969. "Congestion Theory and Transport Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 251-60, May.
  8. Henderson, J. Vernon, 1981. "The economics of staggered work hours," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 349-364, May.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt9zx130zz. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.