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Impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento económico. El caso de América Latina y el Caribe

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  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

    ()
    (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Rogelio Madrueño Aguilar

    ()
    (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Marta Guijarro Garví

    ()
    (Universidad de Cantabria)

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    Abstract

    Los países de América Latina y el Caribe han percibido desde 1960 un montante de AOD equivalente al 0,48% del PIB regional. El presente artículo analiza la eficacia lograda por estos recursos a través de un modelo analítico del impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento basado en la nueva teoría de crecimiento. Se evalúa la eficacia de la ayuda en relación con la tasa de crecimiento del PIB per capita de la población con renta inferior al noveno decil, por entender que este procedimiento define de manera más precisa el impacto deseado de la ayuda en un ámbito geográfico de elevados niveles de desigualdad. La estimación econométrica describe un escenario de aparente ineficacia de la ayuda, en parte debido a las prácticas de gestión insuficientemente coordinadas de los donantes. En concreto, la excesiva volatilidad y fragmentación de la ayuda han menoscabado el crecimiento regional, al tiempo que la ayuda ha sido más eficaz en los países con mejores prácticas de gobernabilidad.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria in its series Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo with number 200904.

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    Date of creation: Apr 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:200904

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    Keywords: Eficacia de la ayuda; ayuda oficial al desarrollo; América Latina y el Caribe; crecimiento económico; crecimiento endógeno;

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    Cited by:
    1. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez, 2010. "Ayuda y crecimiento: una relación en disputa," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria 201001, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
    2. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Humberto Llavador, 2010. "Mapas de ayuda para América Latina y el Caribe," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria 201002, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
    3. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Aitor Martinez de la Cueva Astigarraga, 2009. "Ayuda oficial al desarrollo para América Latina y el Caribe en el punto de inflexión del milenio," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria 200905, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.

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