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Ayuda y crecimiento: una relación en disputa

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  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

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    (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

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    Abstract

    Tras casi 50 años de investigación económica continúa resultando controvertido afirmar que la ayuda internacional haya favorecido el ritmo de crecimiento de los países en desarrollo. La cuestión de si la ayuda es eficaz se ha tratado de resolver a través de un proceso de contraste empírico, en el que la teoría económica aporta distintos modelos de crecimiento que “guían” la especificación de las relaciones empíricas a estimar. El análisis del impacto macroeconómico de la ayuda se inscribe en el debate más amplio sobre las fuerzas que impulsan el crecimiento, entendiéndose que la ayuda puede contribuir —junto a otros factores— al progreso económico del mundo en desarrollo; no obstante, dado que ninguno de los modelos teóricos propuestos hasta la fecha explica de manera plenamente satisfactoria el proceso de crecimiento, la fundamentación teórica de la relación ayuda-crecimiento sigue aun en “disputa”. Este artículo revisa la literatura sobre eficacia de la ayuda atendiendo a los principales progresos alcanzados en el marco teórico y en la estimación econométrica.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria in its series Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo with number 201001.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:201001

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    Web page: http://www.ciberoamericana.com
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    Related research

    Keywords: Aid effectiveness; economic growth; official development assistance; aid impact;

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    References

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