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Mapas de ayuda para América Latina y el Caribe

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  • Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

    ()
    (Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria)

  • Humberto Llavador

    ()
    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra y Barcelona GSE)

Abstract

¿Cómo debería trazarse el mapa óptimo de distribución de la ayuda internacional? ¿De manera que contribuya a maximizar la reducción de la pobreza global, o tratando de igualar las oportunidades de todos los países de reducir la pobreza? Este artículo profundiza en el debate “normativo” sobre la asignación geográfica de la ayuda y propone escenarios alternativos de distribución para una región concreta del mundo en desarrollo: América Latina y el Caribe. Se especifican dos modelos distributivos contrapuestos, uno basado en el paradigma utilitarista (que maximiza la reducción de la pobreza regional hasta el año 2015) y otro basado en el paradigma de la igualdad de oportunidades (que iguala las oportunidades de los países socios de reducir la pobreza). Finalmente, discutimos las implicaciones de uno y otro mapa, y defendemos la necesidad de definir un mapa estratégico de asignación para América Latina y el Caribe realmente eficiente y equitativo, acorde al escenario regional de dispares ritmos de reducción de la pobreza, oportunidades de desarrollo y esfuerzos políticos de reforma.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria in its series Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo with number 201002.

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Date of creation: Feb 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:201002

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Web page: http://www.ciberoamericana.com
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Related research

Keywords: Asignación de la ayuda; eficacia de la ayuda; eficiencia de la ayuda; utilitarismo; igualdad de oportunidades; justicia distributiva;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

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  1. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
  2. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2002. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1475-1500, September.
  3. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez & Rogelio Madrueño Aguilar & Marta Guijarro Garví, 2009. "Impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento económico. El caso de América Latina y el Caribe," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200904, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
  5. Mark McGillivray & Simon Feeny & Niels Hermes & Robert Lensink, 2006. "Controversies over the impact of development aid: it works; it doesn't; it can, but that depends …," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(7), pages 1031-1050.
  6. Blundell, R. & Bond, S., 1995. "Initial Conditions and Moment Restrictions in Dynamic Panel Data Models," Economics Papers 104, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  7. John Roemer & Humberto G. Llavador, 2003. "An Equal-Opportunity Approach to the Allocation of International Air," Working Papers 9910, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  8. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2001. "Can the World Cut Poverty in Half? How Policy Reform and Effective Aid Can Meet International Development Goals," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1787-1802, November.
  9. Sergio Tezanos Vázquez, 2009. "Geopolítica de la ayuda ¿Cómo optimizar el impacto de la ayuda sobre el crecimiento?," Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo 200903, Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria.
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