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Seasonal Effects of Water Quality: The Hidden Costs of the Green Revolution to Infant and Child Health in India

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  • Elizabeth Brainerd

    ()
    (Economics Department, Brandeis University)

  • Nidhiya Menon

    ()
    (Economics Department, Brandeis University)

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of fertilizer agrichemicals in water on infant and child health using water quality data combined with data on child health outcomes from the Demographic and Health Surveys of India. Because fertilizers are applied at specific times in the growing season, the concentrations of agrichemicals in water vary seasonally and by cropped area as some Indian states plant predominantly summer crops while others plant winter crops. Our identification strategy exploits the differing timing of the planting seasons across states and differing seasonal prenatal exposure to agrichemicals to identify the impact of agrichemical contamination on various measures of child health. The results indicate that children exposed to higher concentrations of agrichemicals during their first month experience worse health outcomes on a variety of measures; these effects are largest among the most vulnerable groups, particularly the children of uneducated poor women living in rural India.

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File URL: http://www.brandeis.edu/departments/economics/RePEc/brd/doc/Brandeis_WP64.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School in its series Working Papers with number 64.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:brd:wpaper:64

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Web page: http://www.brandeis.edu/departments/economics/
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Related research

Keywords: Fertilizer Agrichemicals; Water Pollutants; Child Health; Infant Mortality; India;

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  1. Kohli, Ulrich, 2004. "Real GDP, real domestic income, and terms-of-trade changes," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 83-106, January.
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  6. Sung-Bae Mun & M. Ishaq Nadiri, 2002. "Information Technology Externalities: Empirical Evidence from 42 U.S. Industries," NBER Working Papers 9272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Ark, Bart van, 2005. "Does the European Union need to revive productivity growth," GGDC Research Memorandum 200575, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
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