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Patrones de Desarrollo y Fuentes de Crecimiento de la Agricultura

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  • Salomón Kalmanovitz

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  • Enrique López

    ()

Abstract

La estructura económica de un país se transforma en el curso de su desarrollo. La población migra de las actividades de baja productividad en el campo hacia las mejor remuneradas en la construcción, los servicios y la industria que se concentran en las ciudades. A su vez, la agricultura y en menor medida la ganadería van adquiriendo una organización industrial: Contratan trabajadores asalariados, arriendan tierras para cultivos temporales o las adquieren para establecer plantaciones, y se mecanizan, de acuerdo con las necesidades, los precios relativos y las políticas públicas. Así como se eleva la productividad de las actividades urbanas, la atención de los crecientes mercados y la competencia inducen al sector agropecuario a combinar de mejor manera los factores productivos, a reducir costos y a elevar también su productividad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 288.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:288

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  1. Krueger, Anne O & Schiff, Maurice & Valdes, Alberto, 1988. "Agricultural Incentives in Developing Countries: Measuring the Effect of Sectoral and Economywide Policies," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 2(3), pages 255-71, September.
  2. Douglas Gollin & Stephen Parente & Richard Rogerson, 2002. "The Role of Agriculture in Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 160-164, May.
  3. Alvaro Balcazar & Nelson López & Martha Lucía Orozco & Margarita Vega, 2001. "Colombia: alcances y lecciones de su experiencia en reforma agraria," DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION 002141, CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS.
  4. Daniele Giovannucci & José Leibovich & Diego Pizano & Banco Mundial, 2002. "Colombia Coffee Sector Study," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002135, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Stanley L Engerman & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2002. "Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development Among New World Economics," NBER Working Papers 9259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Mundlak, Yair, 2001. "Production and supply," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-85 Elsevier.
  7. Mauricio CARDENAS SANTAMARIA, 2002. "Economic growth in Colombia: A reversal of Fortune," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002402, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  8. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2000. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Martin, Will & Warr, Peter G, 1993. "Explaining the Relative Decline of Agriculture: A Supply-Side Analysis for Indonesia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 7(3), pages 381-401, September.
  10. Punyasavatsut, Chaiyuth & Coxhead, Ian, 2002. "On the Decline of Agriculture in Developing Countries: A Reinterpretation of the Evidence," Staff Paper Series 457, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Jaime Bonet, 2007. "La terciarización de las estructuras económicas regionales en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.

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