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Business demography in Spain: determinants of firm survival

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  • Paloma López-García

    ()
    (Banco de España)

  • Sergio Puente

    ()
    (Banco de España)

Abstract

The impact of entry upon market performance depends not only on the number of entries and their size, but also on how long do the firms last. Consequently, there are an increasing number of papers, most of them focused on the United States and restricted to the manufacturing sector, aimed at analysing the post entry performance of firms. Unfortunately, there is not much about this important topic in Spain due to the lack of appropriate longitudinal micro data on firms. The current paper aims to fill this gap by means of a new database covering all sectors of the business economy constructed at the Bank of Spain. We study the determinants of new firm survival using non parametric and parametric procedures especially designed to analyse duration phenomena. We find that larger start ups survive longer and that the probability of exit is larger in sectors with high entry rates and low concentration. One of the contributions of the paper is the inclusion of the initial firm's financial structure among the determinants of survival. Our results suggest that holding debt, instead of equity, has positive and important effects on survival up to some point. Beyond this point, further debt increments have a negative impact on survival, and this effect is more important the higher is the corresponding debt ratio or indebtness of the firm.

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File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/06/Fic/dt0608e.pdf
File Function: First version, April 2006
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Working Papers with number 0608.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:0608

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Keywords: firm survival; entry and exit; micro-data;

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References

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  1. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Izquierdo & José Manuel Montero, 2006. "Real Exchange Rates, Dollarization and Industrial Employment in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4478, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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Cited by:
  1. Alcina Nunes & Elsa Sarmento, 2010. "Business Demography Dynamics in Portugal: A Semi-Parametric Survival Analysis," GEMF Working Papers 2010-10, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  2. Alcina Nunes & Elsa de Morais Sarmento, 2010. "Business Survival in Portuguese Regions," GEMF Working Papers 2010-22, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  3. Juan Felipe Parra, 2011. "Determinantes de la probabilidad de cierre de nuevas empresas en Bogotá," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA.
  4. Henryk Gurgul & Roland Mestel & Robert Syrek, 2013. "The testing of causal stock returns-trading volume dependencies with the aid of copulas," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 21-44.
  5. Ángel Estrada, 2009. "The mark-ups in the Spanish economy: international comparison and recent evolution," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0905, Banco de Espa�a.
  6. Henryk Gurgul & Marcin Suder, 2013. "Modeling of withdrawals from selected ATMs of the "Euronet" network," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 65-82.
  7. Elsa de Morais Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2012. "The Dynamics of Employer Entreprise Creation in Portugal Over the Last Two Decades: A Firm Size, Regional and Sectoral Perspective," Notas Económicas, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, issue 36, pages 6-22, December.
  8. Henryk Gurgul & Machno Artur & Roland Mestel, 2013. "Modeling of returns and trading volume by regime switching copulas," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 45-64.
  9. Elsa Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2010. "Comparative Survival Analysis of Firms: the case of the Portuguese North region," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) 53, Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro.
  10. Elsa de Morais Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2011. "Criação de empresas em Portugal e Espanha: análise comparativa com base nos dados do Banco Mundial," GEE Papers 0036, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação, revised May 2011.
  11. Miguel García-Posada & Juan S. Mora-Sanguinetti, 2014. "Entrepreneurship and enforcement institutions: Disaggregated evidence for Spain," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1405, Banco de Espa�a.
  12. Bastié Françoise & Cieply Sylvie & Cussy Pascal, 2011. "The Survival of New Firms: Do Bank Loans at Birth Matter?," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201110, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  13. K. Liczmanska & A.M. Wisniewska, 2013. "A strong brand as a determinant of purchase the case of sectors, where advertising in mass media is banned – on the example of the Polish spirits sector," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 83-98.
  14. World Bank, 2012. "Ecuador : The Faces of Informality (Las Caras de La Informalidad)," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13252, The World Bank.
  15. Jeong-Dong Lee, 2009. "Industry Dynamics and Productivity Research," TEMEP Discussion Papers 200929, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Nov 2009.
  16. Medvedev, Denis & Oviedo, Ana Maria, 2013. "Informality and profitability : evidence from a new firm survey in Ecuador," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6431, The World Bank.
  17. Elsa Morais Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2010. "Análise comparativa de sobrevivência empresarial: o caso da região Norte de Portugal," GEE Papers 0028, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação, revised Dec 2010.
  18. Alcina Nunes & Elsa Sarmento, 2010. "Business Demography Dynamics in Portugal: A Non-Parametric Survival Analysis," GEMF Working Papers 2010-09, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  19. Massón Guerra, José Luis, 2007. "El capital empresarial como determinante de la productividad y el crecimiento en España
    [The Impact of Entrepreneurship Capital on Spanish's Labor Productivity and Economic Growth]
    ," MPRA Paper 4073, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  20. Håkansson, Johan & Macuchova, Zuzana & Rudholm, Niklas, 2013. "Predicting Entry of Swedish Wholesale Firms into Local Markets," HUI Working Papers 93, HUI Research.
  21. Joanna Duda, 2013. "The Role of Bank Credits in Investment Financing of the Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Sector in Poland," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 7-20.
  22. Pawel Zajac, 2013. "The New Approach to estimation of the Hazard Function in Business Demography on example of Data from New Zealand," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 99-110.

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