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What is the best environmental policy? Taxes, permits and rules under economic and environmental uncertainty

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  • Konstantinos Angelopoulos

    ()
    (University of Glasgow)

  • George Economides

    ()
    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Apostolis Philippopoulos

    ()
    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

Abstract

We welfare rank different types of second-best environmental policy. The focus is on the roles of uncertainty and public finance. The setup is the basic stochastic neoclassical growth model augmented with the assumptions that pollution occurs as a by-product of output produced and environmental quality is treated as a public good. To compare different policy regimes, we compute the welfare-maximizing value of the second-best policy instrument in each regime. In all cases studied, pollution permits are the worst recipe, even when their revenues are used to finance public abatement. When the main source of uncertainty is economic, the best recipe is to levy taxes (on pollution or output) and use the collected tax revenues to finance public abatement. However, when environmental uncertainty is the dominant source of extrinsic uncertainty, Kyoto-like rules for emissions, being combined with tax-financed public abatement, are better than taxes. Finally, comparing pollution and output taxes, the latter are better.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Athens University of Economics and Business in its series DEOS Working Papers with number 1014.

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Length: 36 pages
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Handle: RePEc:aue:wpaper:1014

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Keywords: General equilibrium; uncertainty; environmental policy.;

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Cited by:
  1. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & George Economides & Apostolis Philippopoulos, 2010. "First-and second-best allocations under economic and environmental uncertainty," Working Papers 2010_35, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  2. M. Menegatti & D. Baiardi, 2010. "Pigouvian Tax, Abatement Policies and Uncertainty on the Environment," Economics Department Working Papers 2010-EP04, Department of Economics, Parma University (Italy).
  3. Garth Heutel & Carolyn Fischer, 2013. "Environmental Macroeconomics: Environmental Policy, Business Cycles, and Directed Technical Change," NBER Working Papers 18794, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Barbara Annicchiarico & Fabio di Dio, 2013. "Environmental Policy and Macroeconomic Dynamics in a New Keynesian Model," CEIS Research Paper 286, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 30 Sep 2013.

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