The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling
AbstractThe United States bans imports of certain agricultural and wildlife goods that can carry pathogens or diseases or whose harvest can threaten wildlife stocks or endanger species. Despite these bans, contraband is regularly uncovered in inspections of cargo containers and in domestic markets. This study characterizes the economic factors affecting agricultural and wildlife smuggling by drawing on inspection and interdiction data from USDA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and existing economic literature. Findings reveal that agricultural and wildlife smuggling primarily include luxury goods, ethnic foods, and specialty goods, such as traditional medicines. Incidents of detected smuggling are disproportionately higher for agricultural goods originating in China and for wildlife goods originating in Mexico. Fragmentary data show that approximately 1 percent of all commercial wildlife shipments to the United States and 0.40 percent of all U.S. wildlife imports by value are refused entry and suspected of being smuggled.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 55951.
Date of creation: Sep 2009
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Smuggling; illicit trade; SPS; quarantine; endangered species; CITES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Financial Economics;
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling
by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-01-31 08:01:19
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