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The Impact of Regulations on Agricultural Trade: Evidence from SPS and TBT Agreements

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  • Disdier, Anne-Celia
  • Fontagne, Lionel
  • Mimouni, Mondher

Abstract

The paper provides an analysis of the structure and the importance of SPS and TBT measures in agricultural trade and tries to identify the division between genuine protection of consumers, flora and fauna and non tariff barriers. The paper covers all notifying countries and products at the HS6 digit level. The gravity equation controls for the bilateral applied tariff protection and uses ad-valorem equivalents of SPS and TBT measures. Results suggest that these measures have on the whole a negative mpact on OECD imports. OECD exporters are not significantly affcted by SPS and TBTs in their exports to other OECD countries while developing and least developed countries' exports are negatively and significantly affected.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements in its series Working Papers with number 18869.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ags:tragwp:18869

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Web page: http://tradeag.vitamib.com/

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Keywords: International Relations/Trade;

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References

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  2. Yue, Chengyan & Beghin, John C. & Jensen, Helen H., 2005. "Tariff Equivalent of Technical Barriers to Trade with Imperfect Substitution and Trade Costs," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24765, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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  6. Harrigan, James, 1993. "OECD imports and trade barriers in 1983," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1-2), pages 91-111, August.
  7. Dean Judith M & Signoret José E & Feinberg Robert M. & Ludema Rodney D. & Ferrantino Michael J, 2009. "Estimating the Price Effects of Non-Tariff Barriers," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-41, March.
  8. Antoine Bouët & Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné & Sébastien Jean & David Laborde, 2004. "A Consistent, Ad-Valorem Equivalent Measure of Applied Protection Across the World: The MAcMap-HS6 Database," Working Papers 2004-22, CEPII research center.
  9. Timothy E. Josling & Donna Roberts & David Orden, 2004. "Food Regulation and Trade: Toward a Safe and Open Global System," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 347, July.
  10. Scott Bradford, 2003. "Paying the Price: Final Goods Protection in OECD Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(1), pages 24-37, February.
  11. Maria Cipollina & Luca Salvatici, 2008. "Measuring Protection: Mission Impossible?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 577-616, 07.
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  13. Leamer, Edward E., 1990. "Latin America as a target of trade barriers erected by the major developed countries in 1983," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 337-368, April.
  14. Tsunehiro Otsuki & John S. Wilson, 2001. "What price precaution? European harmonisation of aflatoxin regulations and African groundnut exports," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 28(3), pages 263-284, October.
  15. Andriamananjara, Soamiely & Dean, Judith M. & Feinberg, Robert & Ferrantino, Michael J. & Ludema, Rodney & Tsigas, Marinos E., 2004. "The Effects of Non-Tariff Measures on Prices, Trade, and Welfare: CGE Implementation of Policy-Based Price Comparisons," Working Papers 15863, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Baddeley, Shane & Cheng, Peter & Wolfe, Robert, 2011. "Trade Policy Implications of Carbon Labels on Food," Commissioned Papers 122740, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
  2. Jaime MELO DE & Céline CARRERE, 2009. "Notes on Detecting the Effects of Non Tariff Measures," Working Papers 200932, CERDI.
  3. Gordhan K. Saini, 2009. "Non-Tariff Measures and Indian Textiles and Clothing Exports," Trade Working Papers 22407, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  4. Okumu, Luke & Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk, 2010. "Non-tariff barriers in EAC customs union: implications for trade between Uganda and other EAC countries," Research Series 113621, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
  5. Gordhan K. Saini, 2009. "Non-tariff measures and Indian textiles and clothing exports," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2009-002, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  6. Mélise Jaud & Olivier Cadot & Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, 2009. "Do food scares explain supplier concentration ? An analysis of EU agri-food imports," PSE - G-MOND WORKING PAPERS halshs-00967423, HAL.
  7. John C. Beghin, 2006. "Nontariff Barriers," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 06-wp438, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  8. Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2010. "BACI: International Trade Database at the Product-Level. The 1994-2007 Version," Working Papers 2010-23, CEPII research center.
  9. Festus Ebo Turkson, . "Logistics and Bilateral Exports in Developing Countries: A Multiplicative Form Estimation of the Logistics Augmented Gravity Equation," Discussion Papers 11/06, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
  10. Frank van Tongeren & John Beghin & Stéphane Marette, 2009. "A Cost-Benefit Framework for the Assessment of Non-Tariff Measures in Agro-Food Trade," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 21, OECD Publishing.
  11. Beghin, John C. & Disdier, Anne-Celia & Marette, Stephan & van Tongeren, Frank, 2011. "Measuring Costs And Benefits Of Non-Tariff Measures In Agri-Food Trade," Staff General Research Papers 32393, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  12. Drogue, Sophie & Gozlan, Estelle, 2007. "Trade-distorting SPS and TBT regulations in the EU? A qualitative assessment from the market for live plants and cut flowers," Working Papers 7216, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.
  13. Disdier, Anne-Célia & Marette, Stéphan, 2010. "The Combination of Gravity and Welfare Approaches for Evaluating Non-Tariff Measures," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1004, CEPREMAP.
  14. Portugal-Perez, Alberto & Wilson, John S., 2008. "Why trade facilitation matters to Africa ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4719, The World Bank.
  15. Murali Kallummal, 2012. "SPS measures and possible market access implications for agricultural trade in the Doha Round: An analysis of systemic issues," Working Papers 11612, Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT), an initiative of UNESCAP and IDRC, Canada..

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