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Quantification of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Technical Barriers to Trade for Trade Policy Analysis

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This paper presents promising methodologies for modeling and quantifying non-tariff barriers (NTB) to trade in the agricultural and food sectors. We limit the analysis to sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical regulations that can have an impact on trade and to methods that provide some quantitative estimates of the impact of such barriers on market equilibrium, trade flows, economic efficiency, and welfare. Given the heterogeneous nature of these regulations, a unifying methodology does not exist. Quantification of the effects of such measures has focused on a particular product and has relied on methods that belong to different fields of the economic literature. We provide a concise description and evaluation of the various methods available for a more comprehensive assessment of the impact of NTBs on trade and welfare. We conclude by identifying promising areas for future applied research.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University in its series Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications with number 01-wp291.

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Date of creation: Dec 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ias:cpaper:01-wp291

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  1. Wesley Nimon & John Beghin, 1999. "Ecolabels and International Trade in the Textile and Apparel Market," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1078-1083.
  2. Falvey, Rodney E, 1989. "Trade, Quality Reputations and Commercial Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 30(3), pages 607-22, August.
  3. Swann, Peter & Temple, Paul & Shurmer, Mark, 1996. "Standards and Trade Performance: The UK Experience," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(438), pages 1297-1313, September.
  4. Mahe, Louis-Pascal, 1997. "Environment and Quality Standards in the WTO: New Protectionism in Agricultural Trade? A European Perspective," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 480-503.
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Cited by:
  1. Arthur, Matthew, 2006. "Economic Analysis Of Quarantine: The Economics Of Australia’S Ban On New Zealand Apple Imports," 2006 Conference (50th), February 8-10, 2006, Sydney, Australia 137985, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  2. Uttam Kumar Deb, 2007. "Non-tariff barriers in agricultural trade - Perspectives from Bangladesh and Cambodia," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT, in: Studies in Trade and Investment - AGRICULTURAL TRADE - PLANTING THE SEEDS OF REGIONAL LIBERALIZATION IN ASIA, volume 60, pages 225-294 p United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
  3. Fugazza, Marco & Maur, Jean-Christophe, 2008. "Non-tariff barriers in CGE models: How useful for policy?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 475-490.
  4. Arthur, Matthew, 2006. "An Economic Analysis of Quarantine: The Economies of Australia's Ban on New Zealand Apple Imports," 2006 Conference, August 24-25, 2006, Nelson, New Zealand 31959, New Zealand Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  5. Sbarai, Nathalia & Miranda, Silvia Helena Galvao de, 2012. "Estimation of Tariff Equivalent for NTM on Brazilian beef exports to the European Union," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126496, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  6. Arthur, Matthew, 2006. "An Economic Analysis of Quarantine: The Economies of Australia's Ban on New Zealand Apple Imports," 2006 Conference, August 24-25, 2006, Nelson, New Zealand 31959, New Zealand Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  7. Maryla Maliszewska & Irina Orlova & Svitlana Taran, 2009. "Deep Integration with the EU and its Likely Impact on Selected ENP Countries and Russia," CASE Network Reports 0088, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  8. Gordhan K. Saini, 2009. "Non-tariff measures and Indian textiles and clothing exports," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2009-002, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  9. Bouamra-Mechemache, Zohra & Jianyu, Yu, 2013. "Production Standards, Competition and Vertical Relationship," TSE Working Papers 13-417, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  10. Mark, VANCAUTEREN & Bruno, HENRY DE FRAHAN, 2004. "Harmonization of Food Regulations and Trade in the Single Market : Evidence from Disaggregated Data," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2004021, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  11. Niemi, Jyrki S. & Peltola, Jukka & Simola, Antti, 2008. "Technical Barrier Effects of a Food Safety Measure – a Case of Finnish Salmonella Control Program," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43953, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  12. Larson, Bruce A. & Scatasta, Sara, 2005. "Modeling the impacts of environmental policies on agricultural imports," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 565-574, July.
  13. Levkovych, Inna, 2011. "Der ukrainische Außenhandel mit Produkten der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft: Eine quantitative Analyse aus Sicht traditioneller und neuer Außenhandelstheorien," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 59, number 109520.
  14. Okumu, Luke & Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk, 2010. "Non-tariff barriers in EAC customs union: implications for trade between Uganda and other EAC countries," Research Series 113621, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
  15. Gordhan K. Saini, 2009. "Non-Tariff Measures and Indian Textiles and Clothing Exports," Trade Working Papers 22407, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  16. Larson, Bruce A., 2002. "European Union Environmental Policies And Imports Of Agricultural Products From The United States," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19613, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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