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Macro Trends and Determinates of Fertilizer Use in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Naseem, Anwar
  • Kelly, Valerie A.

Abstract

To reverse the declining trends in soil fertility levels in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the use of fertilizers and other land augmenting technologies needs to increase. While overall fertilizer consumption in SSA has increased by as much as 200% from 1970 levels, the growth has been highly variable across countries, regions and time. Fertilizer use is significantly lower than that observed in other parts of the developing world, especially Asia, where fertilizer (along with other productivity enhancing technologies) has been credited with the large increases in yields. Moreover data for the 1990s suggests that overall fertilizer consumption in SSA has been declining. Designing appropriate policies and interventions to stimulate fertilizer demand and supply, calls for a good understanding of past trends and factors that have been associated with changes in use. The objective of this paper is to seek a better understanding of the dynamics of fertilizer use.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics in its series Food Security International Development Working Papers with number 54671.

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Date of creation: 1999
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Handle: RePEc:ags:midiwp:54671

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Related research

Keywords: food security; food policy; fertilizer use; sub-Saharan Africa; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Downloads June 2008-June 2009: 29; Q18;

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References

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  1. Laker-Ojok, Rita, 1994. "The Rate of Return to Agricultural Research in Uganda: The Case of Oilseeds and Maize," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54728, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  2. Le Vallee, Jean-Charles, 1996. "Market Information Sources Available Through the Internet: Daily to Yearly Market and Outlook Reports, Prices, Commodities and Quotes," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54686, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  3. Chembezi, Duncan M., 1990. "Estimating fertilizer demand and output supply for Malawi's smallholder agriculture," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 293-314.
  4. Weber, Michael T. & Pease, James W. & Vincent, Warren H. & Crawford, Eric W. & Stilwell, Thomas C., 1983. "Microcomputers and Programmable Calculators for Agricultural Research in Developing Countries," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54765, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  5. D'Agostino, Victoire C. & Staatz, John M., 1989. "Food Security and Economic Growth in the Sahel: A Summary of the September 1989 Cereals Workshop," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54737, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  6. Stilwell, Thomas C., 1983. "Software Directories for Microcomputers: An Annotated Bibliography," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54762, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  7. Boughton, Duncan & Frahan, Bruno Henry de, 1994. "Agricultural Research Impact Assessment: The Case of Maize Technology Adoption in Southern Mali," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54729, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  8. Reardon, Thomas & Kelly, Valerie A. & Crawford, Eric W. & Jayne, Thomas S. & Savadogo, Kimseyinga & Clay, Daniel C., 1996. "Determinants of Farm Productivity in Africa: A Synthesis of Four Case Studies," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 11279, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  9. Jayne, Thomas S., 1993. "Sources and Effects of Instability in the World Rice Market," Food Security International Development Papers 54059, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  10. Mead, Donald C., 1985. "Subcontracting Systems and Assistance Programs: Opportunities for Intervention," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54747, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  11. Stilwell, Thomas C., 1985. "Periodicals for Microcomputers: An Annotated Bibliography, Second Edition," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54750, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  12. Stilwell, Thomas C., 1983. "Periodicals for Microcomputers: An Annotated Bibliography," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54764, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  13. Eicher, Carl K. & Baker, Doyle Curtis, 1982. "Etude Critique de la Recherche sur la Developpement Agricole en Afrique Subsaharienne," Food Security International Development Papers 54070, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  14. Haggblade, Steven & Liedholm, Carl & Mead, Donald C., 1986. "The Effect of Policy and Policy Reforms on Non-Agricultural Enterprises and Employment in Developing Countries: A Review of Past Experiences," Food Security International Development Working Papers 54744, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bias, Calisto & Donovan, Cynthia, 2003. "Gaps and Opportunities for Agricultural Sector Development in Mozambique," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 56058, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  2. Jonathan Kydd & Andrew Dorward & Jamie Morrison & Georg Cadisch, 2004. "Agricultural development and pro-poor economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa: potential and policy," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(1), pages 37-57.
  3. Omamo, S. W. & Williams, J. C. & Obare, G. A. & Ndiwa, N. N., 2002. "Soil fertility management on small farms in Africa: evidence from Nakuru District, Kenya," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 159-170, April.
  4. Kelly, Valerie A. & Murekezi, Anastase, 2000. "Fertilizer Response and Profitability in Rwanda: A Synthesis of Findings from MINAGRI Studies Conducted by The Food Security Research Project (FSRP) and The FAO Soil Fertility Initiative," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55429, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  5. Jeje, Jose Jaime & Machungo, Clementina & Howard, Julie A. & Strasberg, Paul J. & Tschirley, David L. & Crawford, Eric W. & Weber, Michael T., 1998. "What Makes Agricultural Intensification Profitable for Mozambican Smallholders? An Appraisal of the Inputs Subsector and the 1996/97 DNER/SG2000 Program, Volume II: Main Report," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 56030, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  6. Reardon, Thomas & Kelly, Valerie A. & Yanggen, David & Crawford, Eric W., 1999. "Determinants Of Fertilizer Adoption By African Farmers: Policy Analysis Framework, Illustrative Evidence, And Implications," Staff Papers 11779, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  7. Nyoro, James K. & Ariga, Joshua, 2004. "Preparation of an Inventory of Research Work Undertaken in Agricultural/Rural Sector in Kenya," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55161, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.

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