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Agrobiotechnology In Developing Countries: North-South Partnerships Are A Key

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Author Info

  • Tollens, Eric
  • Demont, Matty
  • Swennen, Rony

Abstract

Agricultural production almost needs to double in the 21st century, putting tremendous pressure on agricultural resources. Most food production increases must come from more agricultural intensification in the South. This advances the need for a new green revolution: higher productivity and at the same time less pressure on the environment. Agrobiotechnology can contribute to this double green revolution. Biotechnology innovations are often scale neutral and are therefore suitable for small farmers. Moreover, genetic modification offers especially advantages for crops domesticated since a very long time and which are therefore quite different from their wild relatives. However, agrobiotechnology also engenders risks and dangers, outlined in the paper. Multinational companies show little interest in small developing countries because the market is small and intellectual property rights protection is not effective. Not surprisingly, those are also the countries where food insecurity problems are most acute. In many developing countries the capacity to conduct own biotechnology research and development is lacking as well as the legal framework for biosafety testing, patent enforcement and release of transgenic crops. This is illustrated by a case study on transgenic plantain bananas, developed by the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Therefore, the paper argues that legal and research capacity building are the main priorities. These can be achieved through public-private and North-South partnerships.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics in its series Working Papers with number 31837.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:kucawp:31837

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Keywords: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

References

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  1. Demont, Matty & Houedjoklounon, Alexandre & Hounhouigan, Joseph & Mahyao, Adolphe & Orkwor, Gabriel & Stessens, Johan & Tollens, Eric & Toure, Moustapha, 2003. "Etude Comparative Des Systemes De Commercialisation D'Igname En Cote-D'Ivoire, Au Benin Et Au Nigeria," Working Papers 31861, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  2. Tollens, Eric, 2002. "Food Security In Kinshasa, Coping With Adversity," Working Papers 31848, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  3. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2001. "Uncertainties Of Estimating The Welfare Effects Of Agricultural Biotechnology In The European Union," Working Papers 31828, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  4. Demont, Matty & Wesseler, Justus & Tollens, Eric, 2002. "Biodiversity Versus Transgenic Sugar Beet: The One Euro Question," Working Papers 31859, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  5. Vandermersch, Mieke & Mathijs, Erik, 2003. "Performantie En Bedrijfsprofiel In De Melkveehouderij," Working Papers 31834, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  6. Tollens, Eric, 2002. "Biotechnology In The South: Absolute Necessity Or Illusion?," Working Papers 31827, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  7. Tollens, Eric, 2003. "Fair Trade: An Illusion?," Working Papers 31840, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  8. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2003. "Impact Of Biotechnology In Europe: The First Four Years Of Bt Maize Adoption In Spain," Working Papers 31851, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  9. Demont, Matty & Jouve, Philippe & Stessens, Johan & Tollens, Eric, 2000. "The Evolution Of Farming Systems In Northern Cote D'Ivoire: Boserup Versus Malthus And Competition Versus Complementarity," 2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL 21865, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  10. Delgado, Christopher L. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Steinfeld, Henning & Ehui, Simeon K. & Courbois, Claude, 1999. "Livestock to 2020: the next food revolution," 2020 vision discussion papers 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  11. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2002. "The Euwab-Project: Discussion," Working Papers 31858, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  12. Thirtle, Colin G. & Srinivasan, Chittur S. & Heisey, Paul W., 2001. "Public Sector Plant Breeding In A Privatizing World," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33775, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  13. Demont, Matty & Deloof, Frederik & Tollens, Eric, 2002. "Impact Van Biotechnologie In Europa: De Eerste Vier Jaar Bt Mais Adoptie In Spanje," Working Papers 31842, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  14. José Benjamin Falck-Zepeda & Greg Traxler & Robert G. Nelson, 2000. "Surplus Distribution from the Introduction of a Biotechnology Innovation," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(2), pages 360-369.
  15. Vittorio Santaniello, 2005. "Agricultural biotechnology: implications for food security," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 32(s1), pages 189-197, 01.
  16. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2000. "Biologische, Biotechnologische En Gangbare Landbouw: Een Vergelijkende Economische Studie," Working Papers 31839, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  17. Tollens, Eric, 2002. "The Challenges Of Poverty Reduction With Particular Reference To Rural Poverty And Agriculture In Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 31850, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  18. Tollens, Eric, 2003. "Poverty And Livelihood Entitlement, How It Relates To Agriculture," Working Papers 31856, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  19. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2001. "Reshaping The Conventional Welfare Economics Framework For Estimating The Economic Impact Of Agricultural Biotechnology In The European Union," Working Papers 31835, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  20. Vandermersch, Mieke & Meskens, Lieve & Mathijs, Erik, 2003. "Structuur Van De Belgische Melkveehouderij," Working Papers 31830, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  21. Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2001. "Welfare Effects Of Transgenic Sugarbeets In The European Union: A Theoretical Ex-Ante Framework," Working Papers 31852, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  22. Dawe, D. & Robertson, R. & Unnevehr, L., 2002. "Golden rice: what role could it play in alleviation of vitamin A deficiency?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5-6), pages 541-560.
  23. de Venter, Katrien & Demont, Matty & Tollens, Eric, 2002. "Bedrijfseconomische Impact Van Biotechnologie In De Belgische Suikerbietenteelt," Working Papers 31847, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  24. Tollens, Eric & Demont, Matty, 2002. "Biotech In Developing Countries: From A Gene Revolution To A Doubly Green Revolution?," Working Papers 31849, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Brian D. Wright & Tiffany M. Shih, 2010. "Agricultural Innovation," NBER Working Papers 15793, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    • Tiffany Shih & Brian Wright, 2011. "Agricultural Innovation," NBER Chapters, in: Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors, pages 49-85 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Pardey, Philip G. & James, Jennifer S. & Alston, Julian M. & Wood, Stanley & Koo, Bonwoo & Binenbaum, Eran & Hurley, Terrance M. & Glewwe, Paul & Mayer, Jorge & Jones, Richard & De Groote, Hugo & Kana, 2007. "Science, Technology and Skills," Reports 136256, University of Minnesota, International Science and Technology Practice and Policy.

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