Agricultural Land Consumption in Developed Countries
AbstractThe amount of agricultural land available in developed countries is decreasing by a degree which may profoundly affect in the long term the food security. This paper reports a quantitative investigation of the factors that contribute to this decrease, by analysing 30 countries during the period 1995-2009. The panel data analysis suggests that a variety of phenomena are associated with the decline in agricultural land: a high level of gross domestic product, an increase in the size of urban areas and transport networks, and an increase in agricultural productivity. This last factor is linked to the abandonment of the least productive plots of land and to its conversion to forest. In contrast, an higher quality of institutions is associated with a reduction in the rate of cropland loss. This suggests that a qualitative growth in institutional quality determines a greater attention to agricultural land as a resource for the supply of food products and environmental services.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil with number 126431.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Agricultural land loss; panel data analysis; developed countries; land use change; urbanisation; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Q24; Q15;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
- Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
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