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State fragility, rent seeking and lobbying: evidence from African data

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  • Asongu Simplice

    ()
    (Yaoundé/Cameroun)

  • Oasis Kodila-Tedika

    ()
    (Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

Abstract

This paper assesses the determinants of state fragility in sub-Saharan Africa using hitherto unexplored variables in the literature. The previously missing dimension of nation building is integrated and the hypothesis of state fragility being a function of rent seeking and/or lobbying by de facto power holders is tested. The resulting interesting finding is that, political interference, rent seeking and lobbying increase the probability of state fragility by mitigating the effectiveness of governance capacity. This relationship (after controlling for a range of economic, institutional and demographic factors) is consistent with a plethora of models and specifications. The validity of the hypothesis is confirmed in a scenario of extreme state fragility. Moreover, the interaction between political interferences and revolutions mitigate the probability of state fragility while the interaction between natural resources and political interferences breeds the probability of extreme state fragility. As a policy implication, there is a ‘sub-Saharan African specificity’ in ‘nation building’ and prevention of conflicts. Blanket fragility oriented policies will be misplaced unless they are contingent on the degree of fragility, since ‘fragile’ and ‘extreme fragile’ countries respond differently to economic, institutional and demographic characteristics of state fragility.

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File URL: http://www.afridev.org/RePEc/agd/agd-wpaper/State-fragility-rent-seeking-and-lobbying.-Evidence-from-African-data.pdf
File Function: Revised version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by African Governance and Development Institute. in its series Working Papers with number 13/019.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 29 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:agd:wpaper:13/019

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Keywords: State fragility; rent seeking; lobbying; nation building; Africa;

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References

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  1. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Institutional benchmarking of foreign aid effectiveness in Africa," Working Papers 12/028, African Governance and Development Institute..
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Oasis, Kodila-Tedika & Remy, Bolito-Losembe, 2013. "Corruption et Etats fragiles africains
    [Corruption and Failed African States]
    ," MPRA Paper 44686, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Asongu Simplice, 2013. "Fighting African corruption when existing corruption-control levels matter in a dynamic cultural setting," Working Papers 13/028, African Governance and Development Institute..
  3. Kodila-Tedika, Oasis, 2013. "Forget your gods: African evidence on the relation between state capacity and cognitive ability of leading politicians," MPRA Paper 46449, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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