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The impact of health worker migration on development dynamics: evidence of wealth-effects from Africa

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  • Asongu Simplice

    ()
    (Yaoundé/Cameroun)

Abstract

This paper examines three relevant hypotheses on the incidence of health worker migration on human development and economic prosperity (at macro and micro levels) in Africa. Owing to lack of relevant data on Health Human Resource (HHR) migration for the continent, the subject matter has remained empirically void over the last decades despite the acute concern of health professional emigration. Using quantile regression, the following findings have been established. (1) The effect of HHR emigration is positive (negative) at low (high) levels of economic growth. (2) HHR emigration improves (mitigates) human development (GDP per capita growth) in low (high) quantiles of the distribution. (3) Specific differences in effects are found in top quantiles of human development and low quantiles of GDP per capita growth where, the physician (nurse) emigration elasticities of development are positive (negative) and negative (positive) respectively. As a policy implication, blanked health-worker emigration control policies are unlikely to succeed across countries with different levels of human development and economic prosperity. Hence, the policies should be contingent on the prevailing levels of development and tailored differently across the most and least developed African countries.

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File URL: http://www.afridev.org/RePEc/agd/agd-wpaper/The-impact-of-health-worker-migration-on-development-dynamics.-Evidence-ofwealth-effects-from-Africa.pdf
File Function: Revised version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by African Governance and Development Institute. in its series Working Papers with number 12/037.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: 18 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in the European Journal of Health Economics
Handle: RePEc:agd:wpaper:12/037

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Keywords: Welfare; Health; Human Capital; Migration;

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References

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  1. Simplice A, Asongu, 2012. "Reversed Economics and Inhumanity of Development Assistance in Africa," MPRA Paper 36542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Albanesi, Stefania, 2007. "Inflation and inequality," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 1088-1114, May.
  3. Simplice A, Asongu, 2012. "Fighting corruption when existing corruption-control levels count : what do wealth-effects tell us in Africa?," MPRA Paper 42180, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Billger, Sherrilyn M. & Goel, Rajeev K., 2009. "Do existing corruption levels matter in controlling corruption?: Cross-country quantile regression estimates," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 299-305, November.
  5. Simplice Anutechia Asongu, 2012. "Bank Efficiency and Openness in Africa: Do Income Levels Matter?," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 4(2), pages 115-122, December.
  6. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Investment and Inequality in Africa: which financial channels are good for the poor?," Working Papers 11/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
  7. Roger Koenker & Kevin F. Hallock, 2001. "Quantile Regression," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 143-156, Fall.
  8. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
  9. Okada, Keisuke & Samreth, Sovannroeun, 2012. "The effect of foreign aid on corruption: A quantile regression approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(2), pages 240-243.
  10. Simplice A. Asongu, 2012. "Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter?," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 12(1), pages 36-52, February.
  11. Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 1997. "Aid, policies, and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1777, The World Bank.
  12. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption with cultural dynamics: when legal-origins, religious-influences and existing corruption-control levels matter," Working Papers 12/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
  13. Michael A. Clemens & Gunilla Pettersson, 2006. "A New Database of Health Professional Emigration from Africa," Working Papers 95, Center for Global Development.
  14. Ales Bulir, 1998. "Income Inequality," IMF Working Papers 98/7, International Monetary Fund.
  15. Robert J. Barro, 1996. "Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study," NBER Working Papers 5698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption when existing corruption-control levels count : what do wealth effects tell us?," Working Papers 12/013, African Governance and Development Institute..
  17. Michael Binder & Georgios Georgiadis, 2010. "Determinants of Human Development: Insights from State-Dependent Panel Models," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2010-24, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  18. Johnson, D. Gale, 2002. "Globalization: what it is and who benefits," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 427-439.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Long-term effects of population growth on aggregate investment dynamics: selected country evidence for Africa," Working Papers 11/001, African Governance and Development Institute..
  2. Simplice A, Asongu, 2011. "How would population growth affect investment in the future? Asymmetric panel causality evidence for Africa," MPRA Paper 30124, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Institutional benchmarking of foreign aid effectiveness in Africa," Working Papers 12/028, African Governance and Development Institute..
  4. Asongu Simplice, 2013. "Determinants of Health Professionals’ Migration in Africa: a WHO based Assessment," Working Papers 13/034, African Governance and Development Institute..

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