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Making Work Pay in Nicaragua : Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction

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  • Catalina Gutierrez
  • Pierella Paci
  • Marco Ranzani

Abstract

The objective of this report is to provide some policy guidelines for the fight against poverty. In particular, it hopes to be able to identify the growing sectors, as well as the constraints faced by the poor in benefiting from this growth. The report is part of a series of studies conducted within the Poverty Reduction Group (PRMPR) to foster understanding of the role of employment earnings and labor markets in shared growth. In addition, it is intended to function as a background document for the World Bank's Nicaragua Poverty Assessment 2007. The degree to which growth is able to translate into poverty reduction depends on how its benefits are distributed among different segments of society. There is little doubt that growth measured by changes in average income contributes significantly to poverty reduction. However, it is also clear that countries differ in the degree to which income growth spells have translated into poverty reduction. Although differences in the responsiveness of poverty to income growth account for a small fraction of the overall differences in poverty changes across countries, from the point of view of an individual country, these differences may have significant implications for poverty reduction, especially in the short term.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by The World Bank in its series World Bank Publications with number 6472 and published in 2008.

ISBN: 978-0-8213-7534-2
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:6472

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Postal: 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433
Phone: (202) 477-1234
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Web page: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org
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Related research

Keywords: Social Protections and Labor - Labor Markets Social Protections and Labor - Labor Policies Health; Nutrition and Population - Population Policies Banks and Banking Reform Finance and Financial Sector Development Health; Nutrition and Population;

References

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  1. Kakwani, Nanak & Neri, Marcelo & Son, Hyun H., 2009. "Linkages between Pro-Poor Growth, Social Programmes and Labour Market: The Recent Brazilian Experience," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. William T. Dickens & Kevin Lang, 1985. "Testing Dual Labor Market Theory: A Reconsideration of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 1670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Loayza, Norman V. & Raddatz, Claudio, 2010. "The composition of growth matters for poverty alleviation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 137-151, September.
  4. Esfahani, Hadi S & Salehi-Isfahani, Djavad, 1989. "Effort Observability and Worker Productivity: Towards an Explanation of Economic Dualism," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 818-36, September.
  5. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 2002. "Why has economic growth been more pro-poor in some states of India than others?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 381-400, August.
  6. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
  7. Mathan Satchi & Jonathan Temple, 2006. "Growth and labour markets in developing countries," CEDI Discussion Paper Series, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University 06-12, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University.
  8. Jonathan Temple & Ludger Wößmann, 2006. "Dualism and cross-country growth regressions," Ifo Working Paper Series, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich Ifo Working Paper No. 33, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  9. Essama-Nssah, B., 2005. "A unified framework for pro-poor growth analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 216-221, November.
  10. Peter Timmer, 2005. "Agriculture and Pro-Poor Growth: An Asian Perspective," Working Papers, Center for Global Development 63, Center for Global Development.
  11. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2001. "Growth is good for the poor," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2587, The World Bank.
  12. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, October.
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