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Assessing the competitiveness situation of EU food and drink manufacturing industries: An index-based approach

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Author Info

  • Christian Fischer

    (Department of Agricultural and Food Market Research. Institute for Food, and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany)

  • Sebastian Schornberg

    (Department of Agricultural and Food Market Research. Institute for Food, and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany)

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    Abstract

    The competitiveness of the food and drink (F&D) manufacturing sector in 13 countries is analyzed empirically, using 1995-2002 Eurostat data. After a review of earlier agribusiness competitiveness studies, an Industrial Competitiveness Index is proposed as a composite measure for multidimensional economic performance, covering profitability, productivity and output growth. The index approach enables relative competitiveness comparisons across industries, countries and over time. In addition, cluster analysis is used for identifying distinct groups of industries characterized by similar performance patterns. The results suggest that the beverage manufacturing industry was the most competitive EU F&D industry, while the United Kingdom was the country with the highest performance averaged across all F&D manufacturing activities. As compared to the average of the period 1995-1998, overall competitiveness in real terms slightly increased. At the same time, overall competitiveness seems also to have converged slightly across countries, implying that the performance of EU countries in F&D manufacturing has become more similar. As for the clustering results, it appears that competitiveness is in general fairly equally distributed across the different industries and that above- or below-average performance is usually not sustained for long. [EconLit citations: F230, L660, Q130] © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Agribusiness 23: 473-495, 2007.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/agr.20139
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 473-495

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:23:y:2007:i:4:p:473-495

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    Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1520-6297

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    References

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    1. Erik S. Reinert, . "Competitiveness and its predecessors - a 500-year cross-national perspective," STEP Report series 199403, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
    2. Kennedy, P. Lynn & Harrison, R. Wes & Piedra, Mario A., 1998. "Analyzing Agribusiness Competitiveness: The Case Of The United States Sugar Industry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 1(02).
    3. Klaus Drescher & Oswin Maurer, 1999. "Competitiveness in the European dairy industries," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 163-177.
    4. Traill, Bruce & da Silva, Joao Gomes, 1996. "Measuring international competitiveness: The case of the European food industry," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 151-166, April.
    5. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles Marrewijk, 2001. "On the empirical distribution of the Balassa index," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 1-35, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Jan Schiefer & Monika Hartmann, 2008. "Determinants of competitive advantage for German food processors," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(3), pages 306-319.
    2. Antonio Bubbico, 2013. "Administrative Continuity: Enhancer or Constraint for Regional Governments' Efficiency?," ERSA conference papers ersa13p493, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Bontemps, Christophe & Nauges, Céline & Réquillart, Vincent & Simioni, Michel, 2012. "Food Safety Regulation and Firm Productivity:Evidence from the French Food Industry," TSE Working Papers 12-275, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    4. Dordevic, Dejan & Bogetic, Srdan & Cockalo, Dragan & Besic, Carisa, 2012. "CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT IN FUNCTION OF IMPROVING COMPETITIVENESS OF SMEs IN SERBIAN FOOD INDUSTRY," Economics of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 59(3).
    5. Bontemps, Christophe & Nauges, Celine & Requillart, Vincent & Simioni, Michel, 2011. "Technical Change vs Efficiency Change: How do Food Industries Evolve Over Time?," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114262, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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