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Using Alsace-Moselle Local Laws to Build a Difference-in-Differences Estimation Strategy of the Employment Effects of the 35-Hour Workweek Regulation in France

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  • Matthieu Chemin
  • Etienne Wasmer

Abstract

France's 1998 implementation of the 35-hour workweek has been one of the greatest regulatory shocks on labor markets. Few studies evaluate the impact of this regulation because of a lack of identification strategies. For historical reasons due to the way Alsace-Moselle was returned to France in 1918, the implementation of France's 35-hour workweek was less stringent in that region than in the rest of the country, which is confirmed by double and triple differences. Yet it shows no significant difference in employment with the rest of France, which casts doubt on the effectiveness of this regulation. (c) 2009 by The University of Chicago.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 487-524

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:27:y:2009:i:4:p:487-524

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/

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Cited by:
  1. Andrew E. Clark & Carine Milcent, 2011. "Public Employment and Political Pressure: The Case of French Hospitals," Post-Print halshs-00654629, HAL.
  2. Matthieu Chemin & Etienne Wasmer, 2009. "Regional Difference-in-Differences in France Using the German Annexation of Alsace-Moselle in 1870-1918," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008, pages 285-305 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Etienne Wasmer, 2012. "Ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of the 1989 French welfare reform using a natural experiment : the 1908 social laws in Alsace-Moselle," 2012 Meeting Papers 478, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Philippe Askenazy, 2013. "Working time regulation in France from 1996 to 2012," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 323-347.
  5. John M. Abowd, 2009. "Comment on "Regional difference-in-differences in France using the German annexation of Alsace-Moselle in 1870-1918"," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008, pages 306-309 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Pedro Raposo & Jan Ours, 2010. "How a Reduction of Standard Working Hours Affects Employment Dynamics," De Economist, Springer, vol. 158(2), pages 193-207, June.

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