Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?
AbstractStandard economic theory predicts that if property rights to pollute are clearly established, equilibrium outcomes in an efficient emissions permit market will be independent of how the emissions permits are initially distributed. This so-called independence property has important implications for policy design and implementation. Past studies document a strong positive correlation between the initial permit allocation and firm-level emissions, raising concerns that the independence property is failing to hold in real-world settings. We exploit the random assignment of firms to different permit allocation cycles in Southern California's RECLAIM program in order to test the independence of permit allocation and emissions. Our results lend empirical support to the independence hypothesis. © 2013 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.
Volume (Year): 95 (2013)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/
Other versions of this item:
- Fowlie, Meredith & Perloff, Jeffrey M., 2008. "Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt70f62476, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
- Fowlie, Meredith & Perloff, Jeffrey M, 2008. "Distributing pollution rights in cap-and-trade programs : are outcomes independent of allocation?," CUDARE Working Paper Series 0968R, University of California at Berkeley, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy.
- D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
- D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
- H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
- Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
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