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Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg Region: Their Origin and Interaction with Universities and Large Firms

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  • �sa Lindholm Dahlstrand

Abstract

LINDHOLM DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg region: their origin and interaction with universities and large firms, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . This paper investigates the local origins and continued regional interaction of a group of new technology-intensive Go �teborg SMEs. The results are based on an original survey of 52 such firms. It finds that these Go �teborg SMEs were almost exclusively established as spin-offs by founders who were previously working for another local firm or university. Local links and relationships - especially with the previous employer and with Chalmers University - were initially important for their development. With time, however, the importance of such links has tended to decline, and instead wider national relationships are becoming more important. LINDHOLM DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) PME a la pointe de la technologie situees dans la region de Goteborg: gene � se et synergie quant aux universites et aux grandes entreprises, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . Cet article cherche a examiner la genese locale et la synergie continue, regionale d'un groupe de nouvelles PME a la pointe de la technologie situees dans la region de Goteborg. Les resultats proviennent d'une enquete menee aupres de 52 entreprises de ce type. Il s'avere que ces PME-l a ont ete etablies presque exclusivement par des createurs d'entreprise qui travaillaient autrefois pour une autre entreprise ou une universite locales. Les liens et relations locaux - surtout quant a l'employeur anterieur et a l'Universite � de Chalmers - s'averent importants pour leur de �marrage. Cependant, l'importance de tels liens a eu tendance a diminuer sur le temps, et a leur place on attache progressivement plus d'importance aux relations nationales plus larges. LINDHOLM-DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) Kleine und mittlere, auf Technologie gestu �tzte Unternehmen in der Go �teburger Region: Entstehung und Verflechtung mit Universita �ten und Grossfirmen, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . Dieser Aufsatz untersucht Ortsursprung und anhaltende regionale Verflechtung einer Gruppe neuer, technologisch intensiv arbeitender kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen in und um Go �teborg. Die Ergebnisse beruhen auf einer eigens dazu durchgefu �hrten Untersuchung von 52 Firmen dieser Art. Er stellt fest, dass diese kleinen und mittleren Go �teburger Unternehmen fast ausnahmslos als Nebenprodukt der Ta �tigkeit von Gru �ndern etabliert wurden, die bis dahin fu �r andere Firmen oder Universita �ten am gleichen Ort arbeiteten. Verbindungen und Beziehungen am Orte-besonders zu ehemaligen Arbeitgebern und der Chalmers Universita �t waren anfa �nglich fu �r ihre Entwicklung wichtig. Im Laufe der Zeit hat die Bedeutung solcher Verknu �pfungen meist abgenommen, wa �hrend weiterverzweigte stattdessen im ganzen Lande an Bedeutung zunehmen.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 379-389

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:4:p:379-389

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Related research

Keywords: Spin-OFFS; Goteborg Region; Chalmers University Of Technology; New Technology-BASED Firms; Large Firms; Collective Learning;

References

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  1. Annika Rickne & Staffan Jacobsson, 1999. "New Technology-Based Firms In Sweden - A Study Of Their Direct Impact On Industrial Renewal," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 197-223.
  2. Dorfman, Nancy S., 1983. "Route 128: The development of a regional high technology economy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 299-316, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Maria Sole Brioschi & Lucio Cassia & Alessandra Colombelli, 2009. "Common Frameworks for Regional Competitiveness: Insights from a Number of Local Knowledge Economies," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 8(2), pages 19-43.
  2. David Keeble & Frank Wilkinson, 1999. "Collective Learning and Knowledge Development in the Evolution of Regional Clusters of High Technology SMEs in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 295-303.
  3. Åstebro, Thomas & Bazzazian, Navid & Braguinsky, Serguey, 2012. "Startups by recent university graduates and their faculty: Implications for university entrepreneurship policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 663-677.
  4. Martina Kauffeld-Monz, 2005. "Knowledge spillovers within regional networks of innovation and the contribution made by public research," ERSA conference papers ersa05p440, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Lucas, William A. & Cooper, Sarah Y., 2005. "Enhancing self-efficacy to enable entrepreneurship: The case of CMI€ٳ Connections," Working papers 18178, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  6. Staffan Jacobsson, 2002. "Universities and industrial transformation: An interpretative and selective literature study with special emphasis on Sweden," SPRU Working Paper Series 81, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  7. Magnus Gulbrandsen & Lars Nerdrum, 2007. "University-industry relations in Norway," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20070613, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  8. Oerlemans, Leon A.G. & Meeus, Marius T.H., 2002. "Spatial embeddedness and firm performance: an empirical exploration of the effects of proximity on innovative and economic performance," ERSA conference papers ersa02p054, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Dina Cunha & Sandra T. Silva & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "Are Academic Spin-Offs necessarily New Technology-Based firms?," FEP Working Papers 482, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  10. Benner, Maximilian, 2009. "What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies," MPRA Paper 43848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.

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