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Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg Region: Their Origin and Interaction with Universities and Large Firms


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  • �sa Lindholm Dahlstrand


LINDHOLM DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg region: their origin and interaction with universities and large firms, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . This paper investigates the local origins and continued regional interaction of a group of new technology-intensive Go �teborg SMEs. The results are based on an original survey of 52 such firms. It finds that these Go �teborg SMEs were almost exclusively established as spin-offs by founders who were previously working for another local firm or university. Local links and relationships - especially with the previous employer and with Chalmers University - were initially important for their development. With time, however, the importance of such links has tended to decline, and instead wider national relationships are becoming more important. LINDHOLM DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) PME a la pointe de la technologie situees dans la region de Goteborg: gene � se et synergie quant aux universites et aux grandes entreprises, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . Cet article cherche a examiner la genese locale et la synergie continue, regionale d'un groupe de nouvelles PME a la pointe de la technologie situees dans la region de Goteborg. Les resultats proviennent d'une enquete menee aupres de 52 entreprises de ce type. Il s'avere que ces PME-l a ont ete etablies presque exclusivement par des createurs d'entreprise qui travaillaient autrefois pour une autre entreprise ou une universite locales. Les liens et relations locaux - surtout quant a l'employeur anterieur et a l'Universite � de Chalmers - s'averent importants pour leur de �marrage. Cependant, l'importance de tels liens a eu tendance a diminuer sur le temps, et a leur place on attache progressivement plus d'importance aux relations nationales plus larges. LINDHOLM-DAHLSTRAND �. (1999) Kleine und mittlere, auf Technologie gestu �tzte Unternehmen in der Go �teburger Region: Entstehung und Verflechtung mit Universita �ten und Grossfirmen, Reg. Studies 33 , 379-389 . Dieser Aufsatz untersucht Ortsursprung und anhaltende regionale Verflechtung einer Gruppe neuer, technologisch intensiv arbeitender kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen in und um Go �teborg. Die Ergebnisse beruhen auf einer eigens dazu durchgefu �hrten Untersuchung von 52 Firmen dieser Art. Er stellt fest, dass diese kleinen und mittleren Go �teburger Unternehmen fast ausnahmslos als Nebenprodukt der Ta �tigkeit von Gru �ndern etabliert wurden, die bis dahin fu �r andere Firmen oder Universita �ten am gleichen Ort arbeiteten. Verbindungen und Beziehungen am Orte-besonders zu ehemaligen Arbeitgebern und der Chalmers Universita �t waren anfa �nglich fu �r ihre Entwicklung wichtig. Im Laufe der Zeit hat die Bedeutung solcher Verknu �pfungen meist abgenommen, wa �hrend weiterverzweigte stattdessen im ganzen Lande an Bedeutung zunehmen.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 379-389

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:4:p:379-389

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Keywords: Spin-OFFS; Goteborg Region; Chalmers University Of Technology; New Technology-BASED Firms; Large Firms; Collective Learning;


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  1. Dorfman, Nancy S., 1983. "Route 128: The development of a regional high technology economy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 299-316, December.
  2. Annika Rickne & Staffan Jacobsson, 1999. "New Technology-Based Firms In Sweden - A Study Of Their Direct Impact On Industrial Renewal," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 197-223.
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Cited by:
  1. Staffan Jacobsson, 2002. "Universities and industrial transformation: An interpretative and selective literature study with special emphasis on Sweden," SPRU Working Paper Series 81, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  2. Lucas, William A. & Cooper, Sarah Y., 2005. "Enhancing self-efficacy to enable entrepreneurship: The case of CMI€ٳ Connections," Working papers 18178, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  3. Maria Sole Brioschi & Lucio Cassia & Alessandra Colombelli, 2009. "Common Frameworks for Regional Competitiveness: Insights from a Number of Local Knowledge Economies," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 8(2), pages 19-43.
  4. Benner, Maximilian, 2009. "What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies," MPRA Paper 43848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
  5. Åstebro, Thomas & Bazzazian, Navid & Braguinsky, Serguey, 2012. "Startups by recent university graduates and their faculty: Implications for university entrepreneurship policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 663-677.
  6. Martina Kauffeld-Monz, 2005. "Knowledge spillovers within regional networks of innovation and the contribution made by public research," ERSA conference papers ersa05p440, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Oerlemans, Leon A.G. & Meeus, Marius T.H., 2002. "Spatial embeddedness and firm performance: an empirical exploration of the effects of proximity on innovative and economic performance," ERSA conference papers ersa02p054, European Regional Science Association.
  8. David Keeble & Frank Wilkinson, 1999. "Collective Learning and Knowledge Development in the Evolution of Regional Clusters of High Technology SMEs in Europe," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 295-303.
  9. Magnus Gulbrandsen & Lars Nerdrum, 2007. "University-industry relations in Norway," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20070613, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  10. Dina Cunha & Sandra T. Silva & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "Are Academic Spin-Offs necessarily New Technology-Based firms?," FEP Working Papers 482, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.


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