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What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies

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  • Benner, Maximilian
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    Abstract

    Geographical clusters are in the focus of a large breadth of literature and have been discovered as a preferred policy tool by policymakers around the world. The vast literature suggests differing explanations for the advantages clusters offer to constituent firms. Yet not all of these explanations have been empirically confirmed. Before cluster policy can act as a reliable tool for economic policy, there must be a certain degree of clarity about what kind of advantages a cluster can bring to constituent firms. Therefore, the following article reviews different explanations of cluster advantages from the literature. Its aim is to identify concrete mechanisms through which these advantages materialize. On the basis of these mechanisms the article identifies questions in cluster theory that are still open and defines steps for further research to develop a comprehensive theory of cluster policy.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/43848/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43848.

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    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision: 2009
    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43848

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    Related research

    Keywords: clusters; cluster theory; cluster policy; agglomeration; increasing returns to scale;

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    Cited by:
    1. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Clusterwettbewerbe: Eine Option für Entwicklungsländer?
      [Cluster competitions: An option for developing countries?]
      ," MPRA Paper 40743, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Maximilian Benner, 2012. "Cluster Policy as a Development Strategy. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa," Working Paper Series in Economics 255, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    3. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Cluster policy in developing countries," MPRA Paper 44257, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Towards a policy to promote tourism clusters," MPRA Paper 43924, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Designing Comprehensive Cluster Policies in Developing Countries: Perspectives for Morocco," MPRA Paper 49594, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Cluster Policy: Principles and a Toolbox," MPRA Paper 43847, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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