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New Technology-Based Firms In Sweden - A Study Of Their Direct Impact On Industrial Renewal

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  • Annika Rickne
  • Staffan Jacobsson
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse some of the ways in which new tcchnology-bascd firms (NTBFs), started after 1975, have contributed to the process of industrial renewal in Sweden. For this purpose, we have developed a novel way of operationalizing the concept of NTBFs and of identifying the population of such companies in Sweden. The method relies heavily on unique data on the educational background of the firm's staff. We found that NTBFs constitute a relatively small but growing phenomenon in Sweden. Although small in magnitude, the firms have contributed to industrial renewal by increasing the knowledge-intensity and science base of Swedish industry and industry-related services. They have also contributed somewhat to the redirection of the knowledge base in Sweden in favour of skills which are central to the innovation process in growth sectors, primarily computer science skills.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

    Volume (Year): 8 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 197-223

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:8:y:1999:i:3:p:197-223

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    Related research

    Keywords: New technology-based firms; Industrial renewal; Growth sectors; Sweden JEL Classification: L00; O30;

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    Cited by:
    1. Henrekson, Magnus & Roine, Jesper, 2005. "Promoting Entrepreneurship in the Welfare State," Working Paper Series 653, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 11 Jan 2006.
    2. Davidsson, Per & Henrekson, Magnus, 2000. "Determinants of the Prevalence of Start-ups and High-Growth Firms," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 381, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 26 May 2002.
    3. Staffan Jacobsson, 2002. "Universities and industrial transformation: An interpretative and selective literature study with special emphasis on Sweden," SPRU Working Paper Series 81, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
    4. Magnus Henrekson, 2005. "Entrepreneurship: a weak link in the welfare state?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 437-467, June.
    5. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus & Rosenberg, Nathan, 2001. "Demand vs. Supply Driven Innovations: US and Swedish Experiences in Academic Entrepreneurship," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 0436, Stockholm School of Economics.
    6. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2001. "Bottom-Up vs. Top-Down Policies towards the Commercialization of University Intellectual Property," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 463, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 26 May 2002.
    7. Dina Cunha & Sandra T. Silva & Aurora A.C. Teixeira, 2013. "Are Academic Spin-Offs necessarily New Technology-Based firms?," FEP Working Papers 482, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    8. �sa Lindholm Dahlstrand, 1999. "Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg Region: Their Origin and Interaction with Universities and Large Firms," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 379-389.
    9. Jacobsson, Staffan & Lindholm-Dahlstrand, Åsa & Elg, Lennart, 2013. "Is the commercialization of European academic R&D weak?—A critical assessment of a dominant belief and associated policy responses," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 874-885.

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