Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Bridging Distances: Organizing Boundary-spanning Technology Development Projects

Contents:

Author Info

  • Maria Bengtsson
  • Anders Soderholm
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Technology development is often a boundary-spanning activity where insights and discoveries from different organizations or organizational units are merged into new products or new technical solutions. In some cases, projects of this kind are organized within large multinational firms. In other cases, technology development projects are organized within networks through co-operation between independent companies possessing unique resources that can be utilized as parts of the project. In this paper, we discuss and analyse how distances are bridged in technology development projects. We focus on: (1) the relationship between implicit and explicit knowledge; and (2) different distances inherent in the development effort. Two different bridging processes are proposed as means to overcome distances: a separating-integrating process; and a linking-formalizing process. It is argued that a development project typically runs through either one of these two processes. Le developpement de la technologie est souvent une activite qui s'etend sur les limites et dont les apercus et les decouvertes, qui proviennent des organisations ou des unites d'organisation differentes, sont incorpores en de nouveaux produits ou de nouvelles solutions techniques. Dans certains cas, de tels projets sont organises au sein des grandes societes multinationales. Dans d'autres cas, des projets a caractere technologique sont organises sous forme de reseaux par moyen de la cooperation entre des societes independantes dotees des ressources particulieres susceptibles d'etre utilisees comme partie integrante du projet. Cet article cherche a discuter et a analyser comment se reduisent les distances dans les projets a caractere technologique. L'article focalise en premier sur le rapport entre les connaissances implicite et explicite, et en deuxieme les differentes distances propres a l'initiative de developpement. On propose deux processus differents visant la reduction des distances: un processus de separation-integration et un processus de relation-formalisation. On soutient qu'un projet de developpement parcourt l'un de ces deux processus. Technologische Entwicklungen erweisen sich oft als grenzuberschreitende Unternehmungen, bei denen Einsichten und Entdeckungen verschiedener Organisationen oder organisatorischer Einheiten zu Produkten oder neuen technischen Losungen verschmolzen werden. Manchmal werden Projekte dieser Art innerhalb grosser, multinationaler Unternehmen bewerkstelligt, doch in anderen werden technologische Entwicklungsprojekte durch Zusammenarbeit unabhangiger Gesellschaften mit einmaligen Ressourcen erreicht, welche als Teilelemente des Projekts eingesetzt werde konnen. In diesem Aufsatz wird analysiert wie in technologischen Entwicklungsprojekten Entfernungen uberbruckt werden. Dabei richtet sich die Aufmerksamkeit auf (1) das Verhaltnis zwischen impliziten und expliziten Wissen, und (2) unterschiedliche Arten von Entfernungen im Entwicklungsprozess. Es werden zwei unterschiedliche Uberbruckungsprozesse als Mittel zur Uberwindung von Entfernungen vorgeschlagen: eine separierend-integrierender Prozess und ein verbindend-formalisierender Vorgang. Es wird argumentiert, dass ein Entwicklungsprozess typischerweise einen der beiden Prozesse durchlauft.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00343400220122061
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 263-274

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:3:p:263-274

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/CRES20

    Order Information:
    Web: http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/CRES20

    Related research

    Keywords: Organizing Distances; Innovation Processes; Boundary-SPANNING Projects;

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Lynn, Leonard H. & Mohan Reddy, N. & Aram, John D., 1996. "Linking technology and institutions: the innovation community framework," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 91-106, January.
    2. Russo, Margherita, 1985. "Technical change and the industrial district: The role of interfirm relations in the growth and transformation of ceramic tile production in Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 329-343, December.
    3. Dunning, John H., 1994. "Multinational enterprises and the globalization of innovatory capacity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 67-88, January.
    4. Dorfman, Nancy S., 1983. "Route 128: The development of a regional high technology economy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 299-316, December.
    5. Julia Porter Liebeskind & Amalya Lumerman Oliver & Lynne G. Zucker & Marilynn B. Brewer, 1995. "Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms," NBER Working Papers 5320, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
    7. Saxenian, AnnaLee, 1991. "The origins and dynamics of production networks in Silicon Valley," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 423-437, October.
    8. Elmar Altvater, 1998. "Theoretical Deliberations on Time and Space in Post-socialist Transformation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(7), pages 591-605.
    9. Chris Hendry & James Brown & Robert Defillippi, 2000. "Regional Clustering of High Technology-based Firms: Opto-electronics in Three Countries," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 129-144.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Ibert, Oliver, 2004. "Projects and firms as discordant complements: organisational learning in the Munich software ecology," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1529-1546, December.
    2. Gernot Grabher, 2002. "Cool Projects, Boring Institutions: Temporary Collaboration in Social Context," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(3), pages 205-214.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:3:p:263-274. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.