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Regional Clustering of High Technology-based Firms: Opto-electronics in Three Countries


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  • Chris Hendry
  • James Brown
  • Robert Defillippi
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    HENDRY C., BROWN J. and DEFILLIPPI R. (2000) Regional clustering of high technology-based firms: opto-electronics in three countries, Reg. Studies 34 , 129-144. Industrial districts are seen as generating significant advantages in production and innovation. However, the way concentrations of firms actually relate to one another is often assumed. This paper draws on an international study into the opto-electronics industry to examine the extent and significance of localized inter-company trading and network relationships in six regions. National and international relationships are found to be much stronger than local ones. This is a function of customer and supplier markets, which derive from the technological characteristics of the industry and the way its markets have been created. Such factors are important for understanding the potential for the development of industrial districts in high technology sectors. HENDRY C., BROWN J. et DEFILLIPPI R. (2000) Grappes regionales d'entreprises a la pointe de la technologie: l'optoelectronique dans trois pays, Reg. Studies 34 , 129-144. On considere que les districts industriels entrainent d'importants avantages en termes de production et d'innovation, tout en supposant la facon dont les entreprises se rapportent les unes aux autres. Cet article puise dans une etude internationale de l'industrie de l'optoelectronique afin d'examiner la portee et l'importance des rapports interentreprises et de reseaux, commerciaux et locaux, dans six regions. Il s'avere que les rapports nationaux et internationaux sont beaucoup plus forts que ne le sont les rapports locaux. Cela est fonction des marches de clients et de fournisseurs, qui proviennent des caracteristiques technologiques de l'industrie et de la facon dont ses marches ont ete crees. De tels facteurs sont importants pour une comprehension du potentiel en faveur du developpement des districts industriels dans des secteurs a la pointe de la technologie. HENDRY C., BROWN J. und DEFILLIPPI R. (2000) Regionale Haufung hochtechnologisch gestutzter Firmen: Opto-Elektronik in drei Landern, Reg. Studies 34 , 129-144. Industriegebiete halt man allgemein fur Generatoren bedeutender Vorteile fur Produktion und Innovation. Die Art und Weise wie Firmenkonzentrationen sich tatsachlich zueinander verhalten, beruht jedoch oft auf blosser Annahme. Dieser Aufsatz stutzt sich auf eine internationale Studie der Opto-Elektronikindustrie, um Ausmass und Bedeutung stellenweisen Handels und Netzwerkbeziehungen unter Firmen in sechs Regionen zu untersuchen. Es erweist sich, dass staatliche und internationale Beziehungen weitaus starker sind als ortliche. Dies ist eine Funktion des Marktes mit Angebot und Nachfrage, die sich von den technologischen Merkmalen der Industrie abgeleitet werden und der Art, wie ihre Markte sich entwickelt haben. Derartige Funktionen sind von grosser Bedeutung fur das Verstandnis des Potentials fur Entwicklung von Industriegebieten in Hochtechnologiesektoren.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 129-144

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:2:p:129-144

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    Keywords: Industrial Districts; Technological Development; Market Structure;


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    1. Lorenzoni, Gianni & Ornati, Oscar A., 1988. "Constellations of firms and new ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 41-57.
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    3. Russo, Margherita, 1985. "Technical change and the industrial district: The role of interfirm relations in the growth and transformation of ceramic tile production in Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 329-343, December.
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    6. Freeman, Chris, 1995. "The 'National System of Innovation' in Historical Perspective," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 5-24, February.
    7. Scott, Allen J., 1995. "The Geographic Foundations of Industrial Performance," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 319-320, December.
    8. Solinas, Giovanni, 1982. "Labour Market Segmentation and Workers' Careers: The Case of the Italian Knitwear Industry," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 331-52, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Adelheid Holl & Rafael Pardo & Ruth Rama, 2010. "Just-in-Time Manufacturing Systems, Subcontracting and Geographic Proximity," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(5), pages 519-533.
    2. Angela da Rocha & Beatriz Kury & Joana Monteiro, 2009. "The Role of Flagship Firms, External Actors and Support Institutions in the Emergence of Successful Export Activities in Brazil: Two Industrial Cluster Studies," Research Department Publications 3270, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Marina Geenhuizen, 2007. "Modelling dynamics of knowledge networks and local connectedness: a case study of urban high-tech companies in The Netherlands," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 813-833, December.
    4. Stanko, Michael A. & Olleros, Xavier, 2013. "Industry growth and the knowledge spillover regime: Does outsourcing harm innovativeness but help profit?," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(10), pages 2007-2016.
    5. Maria Bengtsson & Anders Soderholm, 2002. "Bridging Distances: Organizing Boundary-spanning Technology Development Projects," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(3), pages 263-274.


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