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University-industry relations in Norway

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  • Magnus Gulbrandsen

    (Norwegian Institute for Studies in Research and Education - Centre for Innovation Research)

  • Lars Nerdrum

    (Norwegian Institute for Studies in Research and Education - Centre for Innovation Research)

Abstract

This paper analyses the relationship between universities and industry in Norway. Funding figures, publication and patent data, surveys and interviews all indicate that there has been a slow and steady increase in university-industry relations the last 20 years. In the 1980s we notice an increase in the share of industry funding of university R&D, and the 1990s saw a strong growth in PhD students finding work in firms. Many of these trends are seen all over the OECD areas, although there are large variations across disciplines, institutions and industries. Some evidence exists to suggest that Norwegian firms may be particularly collaborative when it comes to R&D and innovation. There are, however, also barriers to how close the cross-sector relations may become. For example, data on graduates’ transition to work indicate how the shorter-term expectations and needs of firms may be difficult to meet by the universities and colleges.

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File URL: http://www.tik.uio.no/InnoWP/MG%20LN%20university%20industry%20relations%20WPready.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo in its series Working Papers on Innovation Studies with number 20070613.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tik:inowpp:20070613

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References

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  1. Etzkowitz, Henry & Webster, Andrew & Gebhardt, Christiane & Terra, Branca Regina Cantisano, 2000. "The future of the university and the university of the future: evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 313-330, February.
  2. Etzkowitz, Henry, 1998. "The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 823-833, December.
  3. Magnus Gulbrandsen & Lars Nerdrum, 2007. "Public sector research and industrial innovation in Norway: a historical perspective," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070602, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  4. Van Looy, Bart & Ranga, Marina & Callaert, Julie & Debackere, Koenraad & Zimmermann, Edwin, 2004. "Combining entrepreneurial and scientific performance in academia: towards a compounded and reciprocal Matthew-effect?," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 425-441, April.
  5. Martin Meyer, 2006. "Academic Inventiveness and Entrepreneurship: On the Importance of Start-up Companies in Commercializing Academic Patents," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 501-510, 07.
  6. Balconi, Margherita & Breschi, Stefano & Lissoni, Francesco, 2004. "Networks of inventors and the role of academia: an exploration of Italian patent data," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 127-145, January.
  7. J Calvert & P Patel, 2003. "University-industry research collaborations in the UK: Bibliometric trends," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(2), pages 85-96, April.
  8. Magnus Gulbrandsen, 2012. "“But Peter’s in it for the money” – the liminality of entrepreneurial scientists," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20120323, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  9. �sa Lindholm Dahlstrand, 1999. "Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg Region: Their Origin and Interaction with Universities and Large Firms," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 379-389.
  10. Gulbrandsen, Magnus & Smeby, Jens-Christian, 2005. "Industry funding and university professors' research performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 932-950, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rune Dahl Fitjar & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2011. "Firm collaboration and modes of innovation in Norway," Working Papers, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales 2011-12, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.
  2. Magnus Gulbrandsen & Lars Nerdrum, 2007. "Public sector research and industrial innovation in Norway: a historical perspective," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070602, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  3. Olav Wicken, 2007. "The Layers of National Innovation Systems: The Historical Evolution of a National Innovation System in Norway," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070601, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  4. Jan Fagerberg & David C Mowery & Bart Verspagen, 2009. "The evolution of Norway's national innovation system," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(6), pages 431-444, July.
  5. Lars Nerdrum & Magnus Gulbrandsen, 2007. "The technical-industrial research institutes in the Norwegian innovation system," Working Papers on Innovation Studies, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo 20070614, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  6. Steliana Sandu & Ionela Gavrila Paven, 2012. "Improving Collaboration Between Universities And Industry, A Major Challenge For Romania," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 4, pages 11-21, December.

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