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Collective Learning and Knowledge Development in the Evolution of Regional Clusters of High Technology SMEs in Europe

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  • David Keeble
  • Frank Wilkinson
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    Abstract

    KEEBLE D. and WILKINSON F. (1999) Collective learning and knowledge development in the evolution of regional clusters of high technology SMEs in Europe, Reg. Studies 33 , 295-303 . This paper outlines the aims and objectives of the TSER Network on Networks, Collective Learning and Research and Technology Development in Regionally Clustered High Technology Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs), and considers evolutionary trajectories of European regional clusters of such SMEs in the 1990s. It reviews the development of ideas concerning regional clustering, from Marshall's industrial districts, through innovative milieux, to notions of regional untraded interdependencies, networks and collective learning. Particular attention is paid to how firms and regions develop competences and new knowledge as the basis for successful innovation. It concludes by outlining the focus of individual papers. KEEBLE D. et WILKINSON F.(1999)L'apprentissage collectif et le developpement des connaissances dans l'evolution des regroupements regionaux des PME de pointe en Europe, Reg. Studies 33 , 295-303 . Cet article cherche a esquisser les buts et les objectifs du Reseau TSER relatif 'aux reseaux, a l'apprentissage collectif, et au developpement de la recherche et de la technologie dans les PME de pointe regroupees sur le plan regional', et examine le developpement des trajectoires des regroupements regionaux europeens des PME de ce genre aux annees 1990. On fait la critique du developpement des idees qui portent sur le regroupement regional, de la notion de districts industriels selon Marshall, par la notion de milieux innovateurs, aux notions d'interdependances regionales non-commercialisables, de reseaux et d'apprentissage collectif. On prete une attention particuliere a la facon dont les entreprises et les regions developpent des competences et de nouvelles connaissances, ce qui sert de base a l'innovation reussie. Pour conclure, on esquisse le centre d'interet de chacun des articles. KEEBLE D. und WILKINSON F. (1999) Kollektives Lernen und Mehrung des Wissensstandes bei der Entwicklung regionaler Kluster kleiner und mittelgrosser, hoch technisierter Unternehmen in Europa, Reg. Studies 33 , 295-303 . Dieser Aufsatz umreisst die Ziele und Objektive des TSER Netzes fu �r 'Netzwerke, kollektives Lernen und Forschung, und technologische Entwicklung in regional geklusterten, hoch technisierten kleinen und mittelgrossen Unternehmen' (small and medium enterprises=SME), und betrachtet evolutiona �re Bahnen europa �ischer regionaler Kluster solcher SME in den neunziger Jahren dieses Jahrhunderts. Er bespricht die Entwicklung von Ideen, die sich mit regionalen Klustern bescha �ftigen, von Marshalls Industriegebieten u �ber innovative Milieus bis zu aussergescha �ftlichen gegenseitigen Abha �ngigkeiten, Netzwerken und kollektivem Lernen. Besondere Aufnerksamkeit wird der Art und Weise gewidmet, in der Firmen und Regionen Kompetenzen und neue Kenntnisse als Grundlage fu �r erfolgreiche Innovation entwickeln. Der Aufsatz schliesst mit einer U�bersicht u �ber die Hauptanliegen der einzelnen Beitra �ge.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 295-303

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:4:p:295-303

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    Related research

    Keywords: Collective Learning; High Technology Smes; Marshall'S Industrial Districts; Untraded Interdependencies; Innovation; Innovative Milieux;

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    1. Roberta Capello, 1999. "Spatial Transfer of Knowledge in High Technology Milieux: Learning Versus Collective Learning Processes," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 353-365.
    2. Antonelli, Cristiano, 1999. "The Evolution of the Industrial Organisation of the Production of Knowledge," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 243-60, March.
    3. Egbert Wever & Erik Stam, 1999. "Clusters of High Technology SMEs: The Dutch Case," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 391-400.
    4. �sa Lindholm Dahlstrand, 1999. "Technology-based SMEs in the Go �teborg Region: Their Origin and Interaction with Universities and Large Firms," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 379-389.
    5. Michel De Bernardy, 1999. "Reactive and Proactive Local Territory: Co-operation and Community in Grenoble," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 343-352.
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