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Arbitrage-free smoothing of the implied volatility surface

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  • Matthias Fengler

Abstract

The pricing accuracy and pricing performance of local volatility models depends on the absence of arbitrage in the implied volatility surface. An input implied volatility surface that is not arbitrage-free can result in negative transition probabilities and consequently mispricings and false greeks. We propose an approach for smoothing the implied volatility smile in an arbitrage-free way. The method is simple to implement, computationally cheap and builds on the well-founded theory of natural smoothing splines under suitable shape constraints.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Quantitative Finance.

Volume (Year): 9 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 417-428

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Handle: RePEc:taf:quantf:v:9:y:2009:i:4:p:417-428

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Keywords: Implied volatility surface; Local volatility; Cubic spline smoothing; No-arbitrage constraints;

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References

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  1. Rubinstein, Mark, 1994. " Implied Binomial Trees," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(3), pages 771-818, July.
  2. Harvey, Campbell R & Whaley, Robert E, 1991. " S&P 100 Index Option Volatility," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(4), pages 1251-61, September.
  3. Wolfgang Härdle & Zdenek Hlavka, 2005. "Dynamics of State Price Densities," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-021, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  4. Hardle, W., 1992. "Applied Nonparametric Methods," Discussion Paper 1992-6, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Enno MAMMEN & C. THOMAS-AGNAN, 1996. "Smoothing Splines And Shape Restrictions," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1996,87, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  6. J. Michael Harrison & Stanley R. Pliska, 1981. "Martingales and Stochastic Integrals in the Theory of Continous Trading," Discussion Papers 454, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  7. Hentschel, Ludger, 2003. "Errors in Implied Volatility Estimation," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 38(04), pages 779-810, December.
  8. E. Mammen, 1999. "Smoothing Splines and Shape Restrictions," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 26(2), pages 239-252.
  9. Yacine Ait-Sahalia & Jefferson Duarte, 2002. "Nonparametric Option Pricing under Shape Restrictions," NBER Working Papers 8944, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Mark Rubinstein., 1994. "Implied Binomial Trees," Research Program in Finance Working Papers RPF-232, University of California at Berkeley.
  11. Oliver LINTON, . "Applied nonparametric methods," Statistic und Oekonometrie 9312, Humboldt Universitaet Berlin.
  12. M. A. H. Dempster & D. G. Richards, 2000. "Pricing American Options Fitting the Smile," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(2), pages 157-177.
  13. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-54, May-June.
  14. Fengler, Matthias R. & Härdle, Wolfgang & Mammen, Enno, 2003. "Implied volatility string dynamics," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2003,54, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  15. Yatchew, Adonis & Hardle, Wolfgang, 2006. "Nonparametric state price density estimation using constrained least squares and the bootstrap," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 133(2), pages 579-599, August.
  16. Harrison, J. Michael & Kreps, David M., 1979. "Martingales and arbitrage in multiperiod securities markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 381-408, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wolfgang Härdle & Zdenek Hlavka, 2005. "Dynamics of State Price Densities," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-021, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  2. Gaoyue Guo & Antoine Jacquier & Claude Martini & Leo Neufcourt, 2012. "Generalised arbitrage-free SVI volatility surfaces," Papers 1210.7111, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2013.
  3. Carol Alexander & Johannes Rauch, 2014. "Discretisation-Invariant Swaps," Papers 1404.1351, arXiv.org.
  4. Andrey Itkin, 2014. "One more no-arbitrage parametric fit of volatility smile," Papers 1407.0256, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2014.
  5. Sylvain Corlay, 2013. "B-spline techniques for volatility modeling," Papers 1306.0995, arXiv.org, revised May 2014.
  6. Bernd Engelmann & Matthias Fengler & Morten Nalholm & Peter Schwendner, 2006. "Static versus dynamic hedges: an empirical comparison for barrier options," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 239-264, November.
  7. Bo Zhao & Stewart Hodges, 2013. "Parametric modeling of implied smile functions: a generalized SVI model," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 53-77, April.
  8. Stefano Galluccio & Yann Le Cam, 2005. "Implied Calibration of Stochastic Volatility Jump Diffusion Models," Finance 0510028, EconWPA.
  9. Gabriel Drimus & Walter Farkas, 2013. "Local volatility of volatility for the VIX market," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 267-293, October.
  10. Laurini, Márcio P., 2007. "Imposing No-Arbitrage Conditions In Implied Volatility Surfaces Using Constrained Smoothing Splines," Insper Working Papers wpe_89, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
  11. Jim Gatheral & Antoine Jacquier, 2012. "Arbitrage-free SVI volatility surfaces," Papers 1204.0646, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2013.
  12. Kim, Namhyoung & Lee, Jaewook, 2013. "No-arbitrage implied volatility functions: Empirical evidence from KOSPI 200 index options," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 36-53.
  13. Fengler, Matthias & Hin, Lin-Yee, 2011. "Semi-nonparametric estimation of the call price surface under strike and time-to-expiry no-arbitrage constraints," Economics Working Paper Series 1136, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, revised May 2013.
  14. Michal Benko & Wolfgang Härdle & Alois Kneip, 2006. "Common Functional Principal Components," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2006-010, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

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