Quantifying creative destruction: Entrepreneurship and productivity in New Zealand
AbstractThis paper (a) provides a framework for quantifying any economy's flexibility, and (b) reviews the evidence on New Zealand firms' birth, growth and death. The data indicate that, by and large, the labour market and the financial market are doing their job. Creative destruction “revolutionizes the economic structure from within,” Joseph Schumpeter famously said, “incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one” (Schumpeter, 1975, p. 83). Innovation in business - bringing new goods, new markets, new methods of production, new ways of organizing firms - is the “fundamental impulse that sets and keeps the capitalist engine in motion.” Does the economy have enough flexibility? Are there barriers in the way of entrepreneurship? This paper develops a framework for quantifying creative destruction. Applying the framework to New Zealand, I conclude that the sluggish productivity growth of the past fifteen years cannot be blamed on economic rigidities. The data depict an economy with ample creative destruction. Ascribing New Zealand's slow growth to a business-unfriendly culture is a misdiagnosis.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor and Francis Journals in its journal New Zealand Economic Papers.
Volume (Year): 38 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Other versions of this item:
- John McMillan, 2005. "Quantifying Creative Destruction Entrepreneurship and Productivity in New Zealand," Industrial Organization 0509006, EconWPA.
- McMillan, John, 2004. "Quantifying Creative Destruction: Entrepreneurship and Productivity in New Zealand," Research Papers 1863, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
- John McMillan, 2004. "Quantifying Creative Destruction Entrepreneurship and Productivity in New Zealand," Working Papers 04_07, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
- D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
- L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
- O56 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Oceania
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