Who takes care of the children? The quantity-quality model revisited
AbstractWe study the Becker and Lewis (1973) quantity-quality model of children adding an explicit child care time constraint for parents. Parents can take care of the children themselves or purchase day care. Our results are: (i) If there only is own care, a quantity-quality trade-off, different from that of Becker and Lewis (1973), arises. The income effect on fertility is positive if child quantity is a closer complement than child quality to the consumption of goods. (ii) If, instead, there is a combination of purchased and own care, the effect of income on fertility is ambiguous, even if quantity of children is a normal good in the standard sense. This is the Becker and Lewis (1973) result extended to a situation with a binding child care time constraint. The conclusion is that the Becker and Lewis (1973) result holds as long as at least some child care is purchased.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.
Volume (Year): 15 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Note: Received: 12 November 1999/Accepted: 1 September 2000
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Other versions of this item:
- Lundholm, Michael & Ohlsson, Henry, 1998. "Who Takes Care of the Children? The Quantity-Quality Model Revisited," Research Papers in Economics 1998:4, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
- Lundholm, Michael & Ohlsson, Henry, 1998. "Who Takes Care of the Children? The quantity–quality model revisited," Working Paper Series 1998:23, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
- Lundhlom, M. & Ohlsson, H., 1998. "Who Takes Care of the Children? The Quantity-Quality Model Revisited," Papers 1998:23, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
- D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
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