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Knowledge in Cities

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  • Todd Gabe
  • Jaison Abel
  • Adrienne Ross
  • Kevin Stolarick

Abstract

This study identifies clusters of US and Canadian metropolitan areas with similar knowledge traits. These groups—ranging from ‘Making regions’, characterised by knowledge about manufacturing, to ‘Thinking regions’, noted for knowledge about the arts, humanities, IT and commerce—can be used by analysts and policy-makers for the purposes of regional benchmarking or comparing the types of programme and infrastructure available to support closely related economic activities. In addition, these knowledge-based clusters help to explain the types of region that have levels of economic development that exceed, or fall short of, other places with similar amounts of college attainment. Regression results show that ‘Engineering’, ‘Building’, ‘Enterprising’ and ‘Making’ regions are associated with higher levels of productivity and/or income per capita; while ‘Teaching’, ‘Understanding’, ‘Working’ and ‘Comforting’ regions have lower levels of economic development.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Urban Studies Journal Limited in its journal Urban Studies.

Volume (Year): 49 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 (May)
Pages: 1179-1200

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Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:49:y:2012:i:6:p:1179-1200

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Web page: http://www.gla.ac.uk/departments/urbanstudiesjournal

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  1. Todd M. Gabe, 2009. "Knowledge And Earnings," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 439-457.
  2. Richard Florida & Charlotta Mellander & Kevin Stolarick, 2008. "Inside the black box of regional development: human capital, the creative class and tolerance," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(5), pages 615-649, September.
  3. Stephen D. Oliner & Daniel E. Sichel, 2000. "The resurgence of growth in the late 1990s: is information technology the story?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2000-20, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  4. Edward L. Glaeser & Albert Saiz, 2003. "The Rise of the Skilled City," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2025, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  5. Jaison R. Abel & Todd M. Gabe, 2008. "Human capital and economic activity in urban America," Staff Reports 332, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  6. Moretti, Enrico, 2004. "Estimating the social return to higher education: evidence from longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 175-212.
  7. Allen J. Scott, 2009. "Human capital resources and requirements across the metropolitan hierarchy of the USA," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(2), pages 207-226, March.
  8. Ingram, Beth F. & Neumann, George R., 2006. "The returns to skill," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 35-59, February.
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