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Équilibres et stabilité de la corruption dans un modèle de croissance : l’effet de la rémunération des politiciens

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  • Ventelou, Bruno

    (OFCE, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques)

Abstract

This article intends to deal with "political" corruption. The particular problem is that, by definition, there is no hierarchical institution (superior to the top level of the State) which is able to control the last controller. The politico-economic model proposed in this article tries to challenge the problem, using a methodology derived from the economic analysis of social conflicts. Based on a voting mechanism of control, the model gives two equilibria: a "good one" (high growth, political stability, low corruption) and a "bad one" (the opposite...). Conditions for controlling corruption are then studied: a political wages strategy added to the voting mechanism gives better solutions. L’article part du principe suivant : la corruption « politique » renvoie à un problème de contrôle du contrôleur (il n’y a pas d’institutions hiérarchiques supérieures au sommet de l’État), ce qui crée un risque d’équilibres multiples : soit la corruption reste limitée, le cadre institutionnel relativement stable, et le contrôle possible, soit, au-delà d’un seuil, l’ensemble s’écroule, pour créer une « trappe de corruption » où les difficultés s’accumulent. Le modèle proposé s’inspire de cette réflexion, en empruntant une méthodologie propre à l’analyse économique des conflits sociaux. Sur la base d’une endogénéisation politico-économique de la survie électorale des gouvernements, il retrouve bien, dans une première étape, un résultat d’équilibres multiples concernant la corruption, l’instabilité politique et la croissance (avec la possibilité d’une « trappe de corruption » comme équilibre bas). La seconde étape exploite le cadre préalablement construit : il permet de tester une intuition, selon laquelle de — bonnes — stratégies de rémunération des politiciens permettent de limiter la corruption.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 77 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
Pages: 339-356

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:77:y:2001:i:3:p:339-356

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  1. Pranab Bardhan, 1997. "Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1320-1346, September.
  2. Tirole, Jean, 1996. "A Theory of Collective Reputations (with Applications to the Persistence of Corruption and to Firm Quality)," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(1), pages 1-22, January.
  3. Hinich, Melvin J. & Ledyard, John O. & Ordeshook, Peter C., 1972. "Nonvoting and the existence of equilibrium under majority rule," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 144-153, April.
  4. Robert J. Barro, 1989. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," NBER Working Papers 3120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Cadot, Olivier, 1987. "Corruption as a gamble," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 223-244, July.
  6. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogeneous Growth," Scholarly Articles 3451296, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  7. Leonard Dudley & Claude Montmarquette, 1987. "Bureaucratic corruption as a constraint on voter choice," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 55(1), pages 127-160, September.
  8. Benhabib, Jess & Rustichini, Aldo, 1996. " Social Conflict and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 125-42, March.
  9. Coughlin, Peter & Nitzan, Shmuel, 1981. "Electoral outcomes with probabilistic voting and Nash social welfare maxima," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 113-121, February.
  10. Devarajan, Shantayanan & Swaroop, Vinaya & Heng-fu, Zou, 1996. "The composition of public expenditure and economic growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 313-344, April.
  11. Vito Tanzi, 1998. "Corruption Around the World," IMF Working Papers 98/63, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Coughlin, Peter & Nitzan, Shmuel, 1981. "Directional and local electoral equilibria with probabilistic voting," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 226-239, April.
  13. Mauro, Paolo, 1995. "Corruption and Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 681-712, August.
  14. Grossman, Herschel I. & Noh, Suk Jae, 1994. "Proprietary public finance and economic welfare," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 187-204, February.
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