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Las bases materiales del sector exportador chileno: un análisis input-output

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Author Info

  • Pablo Muñoz Jaramillo

    ()
    (Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Ambiental, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España)

  • Jordi Roca Jusmet

    ()
    (Departamento de Teoría Económica, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, España)

Abstract

El objetivo principal de este estudio ha sido reatribuir los materiales que extrajo la economía chilena en el año 1996 de acuerdo a la demanda final extranjera. Para ello se utilizó una metodología input-output (IO). En 1996 la economía chilena requirió 500 millones de toneladas de inputs de materiales directos (IMD). Los resultados encontrados indican que el sector exportador de Chile, que representó el 38% del PIB en 1996, demandó en total 399 millones de toneladas (80%) de los IMD que ingresaron a la economía. La industria del cobre en particular fue responsable de 316 de las 399 millones de toneladas de IMD. Estos resultados indican que si bien el sector externo de la economía chilena ha sido el motor del crecimiento económico, es necesario remarcar también que éste utilizó el 80% de los IMD que ingresaron en la economía. Sin duda, ésta es sólo una de las cargas ambientales asociadas a las exportaciones chilenas intensivas en recursos naturales.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

Volume (Year): 4 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 27-40

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Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev4_03

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Postal: Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
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Keywords: Contabilidad y análisis de flujos de materiales; metodología insumo-producto; comercio internacional; Chile; recursos naturales;

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  1. Leontief, Wassily, 1970. "Environmental Repercussions and the Economic Structure: An Input-Output Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(3), pages 262-71, August.
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Cited by:
  1. J., Pablo Muñoz & Hubacek, Klaus, 2008. "Material implication of Chile's economic growth: Combining material flow accounting (MFA) and structural decomposition analysis (SDA)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 136-144, March.

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