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Efectos de las variaciones en el tiempo de trabajo sobre la ocupación adolescente y juvenil en el sector industrial: un análisis regional

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  • Ángel Luis Martin Roman
  • Alfonso Moral de Blas

Abstract

RESUMEN El objetivo de este trabajo es doble. En primer lugar, se pretende hacer una racionalización teórica de los efectos de las modificaciones del tiempo de trabajo sobre el empleo. En segundo lugar, se lleva a cabo un análisis empírico de estas ideas sobre la ocupación laboral de los grupos de menor edad: adolescentes y jóvenes. El motivo de analizar estos grupos sociales es que, verosímilmente, su ocupación laboral es la más sensible ante cambios en las condiciones del mercado de trabajo. El ámbito sectorial de este trabajo es la industria. La dimensión espacial que se toma como referencia es la regional, estableciéndose un estudio comparado entre las diferentes Comunidades Autónomas españolas. ABSTRACT This paper has two purposes. Firstly, we are trying to propose a theoretical rationalization of the effects of the changes of working hours over the employment. Secondly, we are trying to propose an empirical analysis of these ideas about the employment of adolescents and young people. We analyze these two social groups because their employment is the most affected when there are changes in the labour market. The particular sector of this paper is the industry. The measurement that we used is the regional one, establishing a comparative study between the different Spanish regions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 01 (2002)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 51-77

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2002:p:51-77

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Keywords: Mercado de trabajo; Análisis regional; Demanda de trabajo; Empleo juvenil; Análisis empírico;

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References

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  1. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
  2. Bernanke, Ben S, 1986. "Employment, Hours, and Earnings in the Depression: An Analysis of EightManufacturing Industries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 82-109, March.
  3. Campbell, J.Y. & Perron, P., 1991. "Pitfalls and Opportunities: What Macroeconomics should know about unit roots," Papers 360, Princeton, Department of Economics - Econometric Research Program.
  4. Jennifer Hunt, 1996. "The Response of Wages and Actual Hours Worked to the Reductions of Standard Hours," NBER Working Papers 5716, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  6. Hoel, Michael, 1986. "Employment and Allocation Effects of Reducing the Length of the Workday," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(29), pages 75-85, February.
  7. Jennifer Hunt, 1998. "Hours Reductions as Work-Sharing," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(1), pages 339-381.
  8. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-38, July.
  9. Dolado, Juan J & Jenkinson, Tim & Sosvilla-Rivero, Simon, 1990. " Cointegration and Unit Roots," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(3), pages 249-73.
  10. Calmfors, Lars, 1985. "Work sharing, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 293-309.
  11. Brunello, Giorgio, 1989. "The Employment Effects of Shorter Working Hours: An Application to Japanese Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(224), pages 473-86, November.
  12. Hart, R A & Sharot, T, 1978. "The Short-run Demand for Workers and Hours: A Recursive Model," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(2), pages 299-309, June.
  13. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
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