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Current Account Deficits in the Transition Economies

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  • Mark J. Holmes

Abstract

This study tests for the stationarity and sustainability of current account deficits for ten transition economies. For this purpose, a new test is employed that allows one to test for unit roots in heterogeneous panel datasets. While the benefits from creating a panel to overcome low test power are well known, this test also offers key advantages over existing alternative panel data unit root tests: it is able to identify which members within the panel are responsible for rejecting the null hypothesis of joint non-stationarity. In addition, the SURADF test does not presume disturbances that are independently and identically distributed. Using data covering 1993 - 2001, this study finds strong evidence in favour of current account mean-reversion for six countries. Of the six countries in the sample that joined the European Union in May 2004, non-stationarity was confirmed in the case of Lithuania only.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Economics, Prague in its journal Prague Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 2004 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 347-358

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Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2004:y:2004:i:4:id:247:p:347-358

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Related research

Keywords: unit root; transition economies; panel data; current account;

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References

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  1. Lucio Sarno & Mark P. Taylor, . "Real Exchange Rates under the Recent Float: Unequivocal Evidence of Mean Reversion," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 97-14, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
  2. Nouriel Roubini & Paul Wachtel, 1998. "Current Account Sustainability in Transition Economies," NBER Working Papers 6468, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  13. Wu, Jyh-Lin, 2000. "Mean reversion of the current account: evidence from the panel data unit-root test," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 215-222, February.
  14. Abuaf, Niso & Jorion, Philippe, 1990. " Purchasing Power Parity in the Long Run," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(1), pages 157-74, March.
  15. Wickens, M. R. & Uctum, Merih, 1993. "The sustainability of current account deficits : A test of the US intertemporal budget constraint," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 423-441, May.
  16. Wu, Jyh-Lin & Chen, Show-Lin & Lee, Hsiu-Yun, 2001. "Are current account deficits sustainable?: Evidence from panel cointegration," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 219-224, August.
  17. Trehan, Bharat & Walsh, Carl E, 1991. "Testing Intertemporal Budget Constraints: Theory and Applications to U.S. Federal Budget and Current Account Deficits," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(2), pages 206-23, May.
  18. Papell, David H., 1997. "Searching for stationarity: Purchasing power parity under the current float," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 313-332, November.
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