New Estimates of Mothers’ Forgone Earnings Using HILDA Data
AbstractWomen who have children miss out on potential earnings. This happens through a combination of time out of the labour force, reduced working hours and lower paying jobs. We examine mothers' forgone earnings using HILDA 2001 data and find substantial effects, which vary with the woman's education and number of children. At a middle level of education (completed year 12 only), women forgo around 31 per cent of lifetime potential income for a first child, an additional 13 per cent for a second child, and a further 9 per cent for a third child. More highly educated women lose less proportionally than the less educated, although their dollar amounts of forgone earnings are higher. There is evidence, in comparison with previous studies, that the proportions forgone are falling with time, but more clearly so for women with higher education. We also find that women who delay motherhood maintain slightly more earnings than early childbearers.
Download InfoTo our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School in its journal Australian Journal of Labour Economics.
Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Contact details of provider:
Postal: GPO Box U1987, Perth WA 6845
Web page: http://business.curtin.edu.au/research/publications/journals/ajle/
More information through EDIRC
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure Time Allocation and Labour supply Value of Life; Foregone Income;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J17 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Value of Life; Foregone Income
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Peng Yu, 2006. "Higher Education, the Bane of Fertility? An investigation with the HILDA Survey," CEPR Discussion Papers 512, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
- Nick Parr, 2010. "Childlessness Among Men in Australia," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 319-338, June.
- Xiaodong Gong & Robert Breunig, 2012. "Estimating net chid care price elasticities of partnered women with pre-school children using a discrete structural labour supply-child care model," Treasury Working Papers 2012-01, Treasury, Australian Government, revised Nov 2012.
- Nick Parr & Ross Guest, 2011. "The contribution of increases in family benefits to Australiaâ€™s early 21st-century fertility increase: An empirical analysis," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 25(6), pages 215-244, July.
- Alfred Michael Dockery & Sherry Bawa, 2013. "The Impact of Children on Australian Couples' Wealth Accumulation," Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre Working Paper series WP1302, Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School.
- Robert Fenge & Jakob von Weizsäcker, 2006. ""Generation Enkellos" und Rentenbeitragsrabatt für Eltern," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 59(05), pages 11-18, 03.
- Nick Parr, 2010. "Satisfaction with life as an antecedent of fertility," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(21), pages 635-662, April.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alan Duncan).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.