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Do pension wealth, pension cost and the nature of pension system affect coverage? Evidence from a country where pay-as-you-go and funded systems coexist

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  • Carpio, Miguel Angel

Abstract

This paper proposes a nested model, based on an additive random utility model, to analyze whether pension wealth and pension cost affect the probability that a worker affiliates to a pension program, and to observe differentiated effects regarding the nature of the pension system (pay-as-you-go or funded). The analysis focuses on Peru because the peculiar coexistence of a pay-as-you-go and a funded system allows observing first whether a worker is subscribed or not, and then his choice between pay-as-you-go and funded system. The data consists in five cross sections from the ENAHO between 2005 and 2009. Results show that changes on costs have a greater impact over the probability of affiliation than changes on benefits, and that changes affect more when applied to the funded system than when applied to the pay-as-you-go. Variables related with the contracting firm have a large impact. Hence, this paper provides a tool to evaluate measures to solve the coverage problems of pension programs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 34926.

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Date of creation: 21 Nov 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:34926

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Keywords: nested model; pension wealth; coverage; pay-as-you-go; funded;

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  1. Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
  2. James J. Heckman & Lance J. Lochner & Petra E. Todd, 2003. "Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions," NBER Working Papers 9732, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Sebastian Galiani & Federico Weinschelbaum, 2007. "Modeling Informality Formally: Households and Firms," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0047, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  4. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number minc74-1, October.
  5. Gustavo Yamada, 2006. "Retornos a la educación superior en el mercado laboral: ¿Vale la pena el esfuerzo?," Working Papers 06-13, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Dec 2006.
  6. James Banks & Carl Emmerson & Gemma Tetlow, 2005. "Estimating pension wealth of ELSA respondents," IFS Working Papers W05/09, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  7. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281.
  8. Rafael Rofman & Leonardo Lucchetti & Guzmán Ourens, 2010. "Pension Systems in Latin America: Concepts and Measurements of Coverage," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0510, Department of Economics - dECON.
  9. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Richard Blundell & Costas Meghir & Sarah Smith, 2002. "Pension Incentives and the Pattern of Early Retirement," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(478), pages C153-C170, March.
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