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Technological Intensity and Patterns in Slovenian Merchandise Trade

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Author Info

  • Stefan Bojnec

    (University of Primorska, Slovenia)

  • Matjaz Novak

    (University of Primorska, Slovenia)

Abstract

This paper analyses the technological intensity of industries classified by technology levels (low-technology, medium-low-technology, medium-high-technology and high-technology) and patterns in Slovenian merchandise trade developments between and within industries in the post-independence years since 1992. Merchandise trade flows by industries are rather homogeneous in the extent of a decline in the external trade integration measured by intra-industry trade indices and in the presence of relative trade advantages. More considerable differences are found in trade structures and trade quality using the ratio of export to import unit values. In exports we confirm the climbing-up technological development approach, including the jump-up in the medium-high-technology industries in the non-EU-15 markets. Medium-low- and medium-high-technology industries experienced greater price competitiveness in trade with the EU-15 countries. High-technology industries and to a lesser extent low-technology industries experienced a greater competitiveness in the EU-15 internal and external trade. These similarities and differences imply implications for industries with different technological intensity, which are associated with trade and policy shifts before and after the accession of Slovenia to the EU.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper in its journal Managing Global Transitions.

Volume (Year): 4 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 5-24

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Handle: RePEc:mgt:youmgt:v:4:y:2006:i:1:p:5-24

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Related research

Keywords: merchandise trade; trade structures; intra-industry trade; comparative trade advantages; price competitiveness;

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References

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  1. Funke, Michael & Ruhwedel, Ralf, 2003. "Export variety and economic growth in East European transition economies," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2003, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  2. Chen, Natalie, 2002. "Intra-national versus International Trade in the European Union: Why do National Borders Matter?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3407, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Robert Stehrer & Julia Wörz, 2001. "Technological Convergence and Trade Patterns," wiiw Working Papers 19, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  4. Rodney Thom & Moore McDowell, 1999. "Measuring marginal intra-industry trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(1), pages 48-61, March.
  5. Uwe Dulleck & Neil Foster & Robert Stehrer & Julia Woerz, 2005. "Dimensions of quality upgrading," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 13(1), pages 51-76, 01.
  6. Jarko Fidrmuc & Daniela Grozea-Helmenstein & Andreas Wörgötter, 1999. "East-west intra-industry trade dynamics," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(2), pages 332-346, June.
  7. Thomas Vollrath, 1991. "A theoretical evaluation of alternative trade intensity measures of revealed comparative advantage," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 127(2), pages 265-280, June.
  8. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-18, November.
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