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The Structure of Multiple Credit Relationships: Evidence from U.S. Firms

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  • LUIGI GUISO
  • RAOUL MINETTI

Abstract

When firms borrow from multiple concentrated creditors such as banks they appear to differentiate their allocation of borrowing. In this paper, we put forward hypotheses for this borrowing pattern based on incomplete contract theories and test them using a sample of small U.S. firms. We find that firms with more valuable and more homogeneous assets differentiate borrowing more sharply across concentrated creditors. Moreover, borrowing differentiation is inversely related to restructuring costs and positively related to firms' informational transparency. The results suggest that the structure of credit relationships is used to discipline creditors and entrepreneurs, especially during corporate reorganizations. Copyright (c) 2010 The Ohio State University.

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Article provided by Blackwell Publishing in its journal Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.

Volume (Year): 42 (2010)
Issue (Month): 6 (09)
Pages: 1037-1071

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Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:42:y:2010:i:6:p:1037-1071

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Giannetti, C., 2009. "Relationship Lending and Firm Innovativeness," Discussion Paper 2009-08, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Dong Xiang & Andrew C. Worthington & Helen Higgs, 2011. "Firm-level determinants and impacts of finance-seeking behaviour and outcomes for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Australia," Discussion Papers in Finance finance:201115, Griffith University, Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics.
  3. Luis Araujo & Raoul Minetti, 2012. "Credit Crunches, Asset Prices and Technological Change," Working Papers CASMEF 1204, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  4. Ongena, Steven & Tümer-Alkan, Günseli & Westernhagen, Natalja v., 2012. "Creditor concentration: An empirical investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 830-847.
  5. Giacinto Micucci & Paola Rossi, 2010. "Debt restructuring and the role of lending technologies," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 763, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Alexander Karaivanov & Sonia Ruano & Jesús Saurina & Robert Townsend, 2010. "No bank, one bank, several banks: does it matter for investment?," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1003, Banco de Espa�a.
  7. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Zeno Rotondi, 2010. "Do Firm-Bank `Odd Couples' Exacerbate Credit Rationing?," series 0031, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Metodi Matematici - Università di Bari, revised Jul 2010.
  8. Leandro D’Aurizio & Tommaso Oliviero & Livio Romano, 2012. "Family firms and the agency cost of debt: The role of soft information during a crisis," Economics Working Papers ECO2012/22, European University Institute.
  9. Carletti, Elena & Cerasi, Vittoria & Daltung, Sonja, 2004. "Multiple-Bank Lending: Diversification and Free-Riding in Monitoring," Working Paper Series 165, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  10. Giorgia Barboni & Tania Treibich, 2012. "(Just) first time lucky ? The impact of single versus multiple bank lending relationships on firms and banks' behavior," LEM Papers Series 2012/13, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  11. Vigneron, Ludovic & Hajj Chehade, Hiba, 2013. "Structuration du pool bancaire de la PME : une revue de la littérature
    [Structuring SMEs' banks relationships: a review]
    ," MPRA Paper 50498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Giorgia Barboni & Tania Treibich, 2013. "First Time Lucky? An Experiment on Single versus Multiple Bank Lending Relationships," GREDEG Working Papers 2013-28, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  13. Leandro D’Aurizio & Tommaso Oliviero & Livio Romano, 2014. "Family Firms, Soft Information and Bank Lending in a Financial Crisis," CSEF Working Papers 357, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.

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