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Evaluación de la eficiencia y el cambio de productividad en el sistema universitario público español tras la implantación de la LOU

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Author Info

  • Yolanda Fernández Santos

    ()
    (Universidad de León)

  • Almudena Martínez Campillo

    ()
    (Universidad de León)

  • José Miguel Fernández Fernández

    ()
    (Universidad de León)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    La mejora de la eficiencia del Sistema Universitario Público español es una creciente necesidad tras la implantación de la LOU y ante la actual restricción presupuestaria. En este contexto, este estudio tiene dos objetivos. Primero, evaluar la eficiencia técnica relativa de nuestras universidades, así como la evolución de la productividad y sus causas, aplicando la metodología DEA a partir de una muestra de 39 instituciones públicas españolas entre los cursos 2002/03 y 2008/09. Segundo, descubrir si existen diferencias significativas entre ellas en eficiencia y cambio productivo en función de ciertas características institucionales. Nuestros hallazgos revelan un nivel aceptable de eficiencia media en el sector durante el periodo analizado, así como un incremento de la productividad. Además, la especialización docente de las universidades parece conllevar niveles significativamente superiores tanto de eficiencia como de mejora productiva. Clasificación JEL: C61, D24, I23.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Review of Public Economics.

    Volume (Year): 205 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 71-98

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    Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2013:v:205:i:2:p:71-98

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    Related research

    Keywords: eficiencia técnica; cambio de productividad; sistema universitario público español; LOU; Análisis Envolvente de Datos (DEA).;

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    References

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    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. Roger Carrington & Tim Coelli & D. S. Prasada Rao, 2005. "The Performance Of Australian Universities: Conceptual Issues And Preliminary Results," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 24(2), pages 145-163, 06.
    3. Johnes, Jill, 2006. "Data envelopment analysis and its application to the measurement of efficiency in higher education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 273-288, June.
    4. Avkiran, Necmi K., 2001. "Investigating technical and scale efficiencies of Australian Universities through data envelopment analysis," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 57-80, March.
    5. Susanne Warning, 2004. "Performance Differences in German Higher Education: Empirical Analysis of Strategic Groups," Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor 04-09, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
    6. Tommaso Agasisti & Antonio Dal Bianco, 2006. "Data envelopment analysis to the Italian university system: theoretical issues and policy implications," International Journal of Business Performance Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(4), pages 344-367.
    7. Néstor Duch-Brown & Montserrat Vilalta, 2010. "Can better governance increase university efficiency?," Working Papers 2010/52, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    8. Susanne Warning, 2004. "Performance Differences in German Higher Education: Empirical Analysis of Strategic Groups," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 393-408, 06.
    9. Ahn, Taesik & Charnes, Abraham & Cooper, William W., 1988. "Some statistical and DEA evaluations of relative efficiencies of public and private institutions of higher learning," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 259-269.
    10. Melville L. McMillan & Debasish Datta, 1998. "The Relative Efficiencies of Canadian Universities: A DEA Perspective," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(4), pages 485-511, December.
    11. Boon L. Lee, 2011. "Efficiency of Research Performance of Australian Universities: A Reappraisal using a Bootstrap Truncated Regression Approach," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(3), pages 195-204, December.
    12. Abbott, M. & Doucouliagos, C., 2003. "The efficiency of Australian universities: a data envelopment analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 89-97, February.
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